Deprivacija spanja in sindrom izgorevanja med zaposlenimi v predbolnišničnih enotah nujne medicinske pomoči v Sloveniji

presečna raziskava

Avtorji

  • Marko Vladič Community Health Centre Novo mesto, Kandijska cesta 4, 8000 Novo mesto, Slovenia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7383-1927
  • Aljaž Kren University of Novo mesto, Faculty of Health Sciences Novo mesto, Na loko 2, 8000 Novo mesto, Slovenia, and Community Health Centre Črnomelj, Delavska pot 4, 8340 Črnomelj, Slovenia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1586-6088

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.4.3052

Ključne besede:

spanje, nujna medicinska pomoč, kakovost, pomanjkanje spanja, izgorelost

Povzetek

Uvod: Deprivacija spanja in izgorelost sta pogosta pojava med delavci, ki opravljajo izmensko, nočno, nadurno in stresno delo v nepredvidljivih okoliščinah. Namen raziskave je bil raziskati kakovost spanja, ugotoviti stopnjo komponent izgorevanja in njihov vpliv na kakovost spanja med zaposlenimi v predbolnišnični nujni medicinski pomoči.
Metode: Uporabljena je bila kvantitativna neeksperimentalna metoda raziskovanja. Podatke smo zbrali s standardiziranim vprašalnikom Pittsburgh sleep quality index ter s standardiziranim vprašalnikom za izgorelost Maslach burnout inventory. Vprašalnika so izpolnili 204 zaposleni v predbolnišnični nujni medicinski pomoči. Podatki so statistično obdelani z uporabo univariantne in bivariantne statistike.
Rezultati: Povprečna ocena Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Indexa znaša 4,97, s = 3,23. Slabšo kakovost spanja ugotavljamo pri anketirancih ženskega spola (57,4 %) in anketirancih, ki so zaposleni v bolj obremenjenih enotah predbolnišnične nujne medicinske pomoči (52,3 %), ter pri tistih, ki opravljajo 24- ali večurno delo (67,7 %). Pri 17,6 % anketirancev ugotavljamo visoko stopnjo čustvene izčrpanosti, 32,8 % anketirancev izkazuje visoko stopnjo depersonalizacije, 9,3 % anketirancev pa nizko stopnjo osebne izpolnitve. Med kakovostjo spanja in emocionalno izčrpanostjo (r = 0.381, p < 0.01), depersonalizacijo (r = 0.293, p < 0.01) in osebno izpolnitvijo (r = 0.368, p < 0.01) ugotavljamo šibko pozitivno povezanost.
Diskusija in zaključek: Zdravstveni delavci predstavljajo ranljivo skupino, ki je podvržena slabi kakovosti spanja in sindromu izgorevanja, zato se nakazuje potreba po njihovem opolnomočenju glede ustrezne higiene spanja ter preprečevanja izgorevanja.

Prenosi

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Metrike

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Objavljeno

2021-12-18

Kako citirati

Vladič, M., & Kren, A. (2021). Deprivacija spanja in sindrom izgorevanja med zaposlenimi v predbolnišničnih enotah nujne medicinske pomoči v Sloveniji: presečna raziskava. Obzornik Zdravstvene Nege, 55(4), 243–252. https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.4.3052

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