Starizem v zdravstvenih ustanovah

  • Amadeus Lešnik Univerzitetni klinični center Maribor, Klinika za interno medicino, Ljubljanska 5, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
  • Jožefa Tomažič Univerzitetni klinični center Maribor, Klinika za interno medicino, Ljubljanska 5, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija in Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
Ključne besede: diskriminacija, predsodki, starostniki, zdravstveni delavci

Povzetek

Uvod: Starizem izhaja iz predsodkov in stereotipov o lastnostih, ki jih na podlagi kronološke starosti pripisujemo starostnikom. Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti, ali starostniki v kliničnem okolju doživljajo starizem in v kolikšni meri jih le-ta prizadene. Metode: Opisna kvantitativna raziskava je bila izvedena v zdravstveni ustanovi na priložnostnem vzorcu 132 starostnikov, starih od 65 do 90 let. Uporabljen je bil na podlagi pregleda literature zasnovan vprašalnik z 11 vprašanji zaprtega tipa. Prisotnost starizma in stopnja prizadetosti je bila merjena s tristopenjsko številsko lestvico. Za opis vzorca in sistematičen prikaz odgovorov na raziskovalna vprašanja je bila uporabljena deskriptivna univariatna in bivariatna (hi-kvadrat test za neodvisne vzorce) analiza. Rezultati: Skupno je bilo zaznanih 319 diskriminatornih dogodkov. Od 132 anketiranih je najmanj en diskriminatorni dogodek doživelo 91 (69,0 %) starostnikov. Med slednjimi se je 40 (44,0 %) starostnikov počutilo vsaj enkrat prizadeto in 23 (25,2 %) vsaj enkrat zelo prizadeto. Pri zaznavanju prizadetosti statistično pomembne razlike med skupinami glede na spol (χ2 = 13,554, p = 0,825), izobrazbo (χ2 = 20,807, p = 0,409) in starost (χ2 =19,328, p = 0,501) nismo ugotovili. Diskusija in zaključek: Raziskava potrdi prisotnost starizma v kliničnem okolju. Ker ima starizem negativen vpliv na odnos do starostnika in kakovost njegove oskrbe, je profesionalno komunikacijo s starostniki treba uvesti v izobraževanje vseh profilov zdravstvenih delavcev.

Biografije avtorja

Amadeus Lešnik, Univerzitetni klinični center Maribor, Klinika za interno medicino, Ljubljanska 5, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
Dr. Amadeus Lešnik, magister zdravstvene nege, diplomiran zdravstvenik
Jožefa Tomažič, Univerzitetni klinični center Maribor, Klinika za interno medicino, Ljubljanska 5, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija in Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
pred. mag. Jožefa Tomažič, viš. med. ses., univ. dipl. org.

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Objavljeno
2017-12-19
Kako citirati
Lešnik, A. in Tomažič, J. (2017) Starizem v zdravstvenih ustanovah, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 51(4), str. 312-319. doi: https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2017.51.4.166.
Rubrike
Izvirni znanstveni članek
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