Ocena kakovosti življenja otrok in mladostnikov z astmo

  • Duška Jović University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Care and Nursing, 14 Save Mrkalja, 78000 Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Snežana Petrović-Tepić University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Care and Nursing, 14 Save Mrkalja, 78000 Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and University Clinical Center of the Republic of Srpska, Pediatric Clinic, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Darija Knežević University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Care and Nursing, 14 Save Mrkalja, 78000 Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ključne besede: kakovost življenja, otroci, mladostniki, astma, nadzor simptomov

Povzetek

Uvod: Astma je globalni zdravstveni problem, ki negativno vpliva na različne vidike kakovosti življenja. Cilj raziskave je bil preučiti kakovost življenja pri otrocih in mladostnikih z astmo ter povezavo med stopnjo nadzora astme in kakovostjo življenja.
Metode: Presečna študija je vključevala 100 otrok in mladostnikov z astmo v šestmesečnem obdobju leta 2015. V raziskavi so bili uporabljeni: standardiziran vprašalnik o kakovosti življenja otrok z astmo (PAQLQ(S)) za oceno kakovosti življenja in vprašalnika za oceno krmiljenja astme za dve starostni skupini: test za kontrolo astme za mladostnike (ACT) in test za kontrolo astme pri otrocih (C-ACT).
Rezultati: Vključenih je bilo 62 fantov in 38 deklic, starih od 7 do 17 let, katerih povprečna starost je bila 11,2 (s = 2,7) leta. Skupni rezultati v oceni PAQLQ(S) so se gibali med 3,30 in 7,00 s povprečno vrednostjo 5,95. Ugotovitve kažejo, da je večina otrok z astmo umestila svojo splošno PAQLQ(S) proti pozitivnemu koncu lestvice. Otroci so poročali o večji oslabelosti na področju »Čustva« (x = 5,84) kot na področjih »Dejavnosti« in »Simptomi«. Odstotek mladostnikov, ki spadajo v kategorijo slabega nadzora (12,5 %), je bil znatno nižji kot v skupini otrok (25,0 %). V obeh skupinah otrok je bila lestvica »Simptomi« v največji povezavi s stopnjo nadzora astme (r = 0,915, p < 0,01).
Diskusija in zaključek: V raziskavi so otroci in mladostniki z astmo pokazali splošno dobro kakovost življenja. Nadzor simptomov astme pri otrocih in mladostnikih je pozitivno vplival na njihovo kakovost življenja.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Duška Jović, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Care and Nursing, 14 Save Mrkalja, 78000 Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Senior Assistant, BSc, MSc (Nursing)

Snežana Petrović-Tepić, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Care and Nursing, 14 Save Mrkalja, 78000 Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and University Clinical Center of the Republic of Srpska, Pediatric Clinic, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Assistant Professor, PhD, MD

Darija Knežević, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Health Care and Nursing, 14 Save Mrkalja, 78000 Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Senior Assistant, BSc, MSc (Nursing)

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Objavljeno
2018-06-21
Kako citirati
Jović, D., Petrović-Tepić, S. in Knežević, D. (2018) Ocena kakovosti življenja otrok in mladostnikov z astmo, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 52(2), str. 81-89. doi: 10.14528/snr.2018.52.2.195.
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