Razširjenost in značilnosti souporabe tobaka in konoplje med 15-letnimi dijaki v Sloveniji

  • Helena Koprivnikar Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje, Trubarjeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenija
  • Tina Zupanič Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje, Trubarjeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenija
  • Andreja Drev Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje, Trubarjeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenija
  • Helena Jeriček Klanšček Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje, Trubarjeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenija
Ključne besede: psihoaktivna snov, souporaba, značilnosti souporabnika, mladostniki

Povzetek

Uvod: Souporaba tobaka in kanabisa je pogosta med mladostniki, podatkov za Slovenijo ni. Namen raziskave je bil prikazati podatke o souporabi obeh snovi med 15-letniki v Sloveniji.
Metode: V analizo je vključen reprezentativni vzorec slovenskih 15-letnih dijakov (n = 1615) iz mednarodne presečne raziskave »Z zdravjem povezana vedenja v šolskem obdobju 2014«, uporabljena pa hi-kvadrat test in multivariatna logistična regresija.
Rezultati: Kadarkoli v življenju je obe snovi uporabilo 19,5 % 15-letnih dijakov, razlik med spoloma ni (p = 0,108). Uporaba obeh snovi kadarkoli v življenju je povezana z opitostjo v preteklosti (OR = 8,18, 95-% I. Z. 5,74−11,64), uporabo konoplje (OR = 3,93, 95-% I. Z. 2,67−5,79) in uporabo tobaka med prijatelji (OR = 1,83, 95-% I. Z. 1,25−2,69) ter nižjo zaznano podporo družine (OR = 0,88, 95-% I. Z. 0,80−0,97). V času raziskave je obe snovi uporabljalo 7,2 % vseh, brez razlik med spoloma (p = 0,136). Trenutna souporaba je povezana z opitostjo v preteklosti (OR = 8,06, 95-% I.Z.  4,43−14,67), uporabo konoplje med prijatelji (OR = 3,72, 95-% I.Z. 2,23−6,19) in rekonstruirano družino (OR = 3,33, 95-% I.Z. 1,74−6,40).
Diskusija in zaključek: Raziskava podpira širitev programov preprečevanja in opuščanja z ene na več psihoaktivnih snovi. Vrstniki in družina so ključni dejavniki, ki jih moramo nasloviti v preventivnih programih; do njih dostopamo v šolskem in zdravstvenem sistemu. Okoljska preventiva, vključno z zakonodajnimi ukrepi, kreira okolja, spodbudna za zdrave izbire, in prispeva k zmanjševanju souporabe.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Helena Koprivnikar, Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje, Trubarjeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenija

dr. med.

Tina Zupanič, Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje, Trubarjeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenija

mag.

Andreja Drev, Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje, Trubarjeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenija

univ. dipl. nov.

Helena Jeriček Klanšček, Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje, Trubarjeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenija

doc.dr.

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Objavljeno
2019-06-21
Kako citirati
Koprivnikar, H., Zupanič, T., Drev, A. in Jeriček Klanšček, H. (2019) Razširjenost in značilnosti souporabe tobaka in konoplje med 15-letnimi dijaki v Sloveniji, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 53(2), str. 104-111. doi: 10.14528/snr.2019.53.1.259.
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