Primerjava samospoštovanja in kakovosti življenja stanovalcev v domu za starejše in lastnem domu

  • Jadranka Pluzarić Univerza Josip Juraj Strossmayer Osijek, Medicinska fakulteta Osijek, Josipa Huttlera 4, 31000 Osijek, Hrvaška
  • Vesna Ilakovac Univerza Josip Juraj Strossmayer Osijek, Medicinska fakulteta Osijek, Josipa Huttlera 4, 31000 Osijek, Hrvaška
  • Danica Železnik Visoka šola za zdravstvene vede Slovenj Gradec
Ključne besede: starejše osebe, stanovanje, fizična aktivnost

Povzetek

Uvod: Veliko raziskav samospoštovanja in kakovosti življenja je namenjenih in usmerjenih v mlajšo populacijo. Namen predstavljene presečne raziskave je bilo raziskati, ali obstaja razlika v samospoštovanju in kakovosti življenja starejših, ki živijo doma, in tistimi, ki živijo v domu za starejše občane. Metode: Raziskava je bila izvedena s pomočjo vprašalnika, ki je vključeval socialnodemografske podatke, podatke o aktivnosti vprašanih, oceno samospoštovanja, ki je temeljila na Rosenbergovi lestvici samospoštovanja (RLS), oceno kakovosti življenja, ki je temeljila na lestvici zadovoljstva z življenjem (LZŽ), in oceno funkcionalne sposobnosti. Namenski vzorec je vključeval 204 anketirance. Raziskava je potekala od novembra 2012 do marca 2013. Rezultati: Anketiranci v obeh skupinah so izrazili enako zadovoljstvo z življenjem (p = 0,846). Anketiranci, ki živijo v lastni hiši ali stanovanju, imajo višje samospoštovanje kot tisti, ki prebivajo v domovih za starejše občane (povprečna razlika RSES 3,4; 95 % interval zaupanja od 1,0 do 5,8; t-test za neodvisne vzorce, p = 0,005). Anketiranci, ki imajo višje samospoštovanje, so bolj zadovoljni z življenjem (p = 0,537, p < 0,001). Diskusija in zaključek: V skrb za starejše osebe je potrebno vključiti prepoznavanje njihovega samospoštovanja, da se lahko s pravočasnimi aktivnostmi prepreči zmanjšanje ravni njihove kakovosti življenja, kar zahteva ustrezno usposabljanje zdravstvenih delavcev, družin in družbe.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Jadranka Pluzarić, Univerza Josip Juraj Strossmayer Osijek, Medicinska fakulteta Osijek, Josipa Huttlera 4, 31000 Osijek, Hrvaška
viš. pred. mag. Jadranka Pluzarić, dipl. med. ses.
Vesna Ilakovac, Univerza Josip Juraj Strossmayer Osijek, Medicinska fakulteta Osijek, Josipa Huttlera 4, 31000 Osijek, Hrvaška
izr. prof. dr. Vesna Ilakovac, prof. mat. in fiz.
Danica Železnik, Visoka šola za zdravstvene vede Slovenj Gradec
izr. prof. dr. Danica Železnik, viš. med. ses., prof. zdr. vzg.

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Objavljeno
2016-09-27
Kako citirati
Pluzarić, J., Ilakovac, V. in Železnik, D. (2016) Primerjava samospoštovanja in kakovosti življenja stanovalcev v domu za starejše in lastnem domu, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 50(3). doi: 10.14528/snr.2016.50.3.108.
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