Nevrološka prizadetost kot dejavnik kakovosti življenja starejših pacientov z multiplo sklerozo

presečna raziskava

  • Matej Koprivnik Alma Mater Europaea – ECM, Slovenska ulica 17, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija in Univerzitetni klinični center Maribor, Inštitut za fizikalno in rehabilitacijsko medicino, Ljubljanska ulica 5, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4658-063X
  • Danica Železnik Fakulteta za zdravstvene in socialne vede Slovenj Gradec, Glavni trg 1, 2380 Slovenj Gradec, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3563-8947
  • Tanja Hojs Fabjan Univerzitetni klinični center Maribor, Oddelek za nevrološke bolezni, Ljubljanska ulica 5, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija in Medicinska fakulteta Maribor, Taborska ulica 8, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3292-1560
Ključne besede: telesno zdravje, duševno zdravje, staranje

Povzetek

Uvod: Kakovost življenja predstavlja pomembno dimenzijo življenja pacientov z multiplo sklerozo, na katero vplivajo številni dejavniki. Namen raziskave je ugotoviti vpliv nevrološke prizadetosti na telesno in duševno z zdravjem povezano kakovost življenja pacientov z multiplo sklerozo, starih med 50 in 59 let ter starejših od 60 let.
Metode: Presečna raziskava je bila izvedena na vzorcu 130 pacientov z multiplo sklerozo, starih med 50 in 73 let. Ocenjeni so bili z razširjeno lestvico stopnje nevrološke prizadetosti, vprašalnikom o kakovosti življenja pri multipli sklerozi (telesna in duševna z zdravjem povezana kakovost življenja) in vprašalnikom o značilnostih pacientov z multiplo sklerozo. Uporabljeni so bili opisna statistika, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Spearmanov koeficient korelacije rangov in linearna regresijska analiza.
Rezultati: Nevrološka prizadetost pri pacientih z multiplo sklerozo, starih med 50 in 59 let, vpliva na telesno z zdravjem povezano kakovost življenja (R² = 0,251, p < 0,001), pri pacientih, starih med 60 in 73 let, pa na telesno (R² = 0,250, p < 0,001) in duševno z zdravjem povezano kakovost življenja (R² = 0,063, p = 0,044).
Diskusija in zaključek: Vpliv nevrološke prizadetosti se po 60. letu starosti s telesne razširi tudi na duševno raven življenja pacientov z multiplo sklerozo. Nevrološko prizadeti pacienti morajo biti z namenom ohranjanja kakovosti življenja med 50. in 59. letom spremljani na področju fizičnega zdravja, med 60. in 73. letom pa tudi na področju duševnega zdravja.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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Objavljeno
2021-02-07
Kako citirati
Koprivnik, M., Železnik, D., & Hojs Fabjan, T. (2021). Nevrološka prizadetost kot dejavnik kakovosti življenja starejših pacientov z multiplo sklerozo. Obzornik Zdravstvene Nege, 55(1), 35-41. https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.1.3058
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