Dejavniki gibalne aktivnosti in z zdravjem povezane kakovosti življenja

  • Renata Slabe Erker Inštitut za ekonomska raziskovanja, Kardeljeva ploščad 17, 1000 Ljubljana
  • Simon Ličen Washington State University, Dept. of Educational Leadership & Counseling Psychology, Cleveland Hall 351, Pullman, WA 99163
Ključne besede: prostočasna telesna aktivnost, ranljive skupine, zdravstveni ukrepi, sistematični pregled literature, šport

Povzetek

Uvod: Gibalna aktivnost koristi telesnemu in duševnemu zdravju. Namen članka je ugotoviti dejavnike, ki vplivajo nanjo, in možne ukrepe za povečanje te dejavnosti. Cilj članka je spodbuditi strokovnjake s področij zdravja in športne dejavnosti k sodelovanju pri oblikovanju in izvajanju učinkovitih ukrepov za povečanje gibanja med prebivalstvom. Metode: Opravljen je bil pregled literature o dejavnikih, ki vplivajo na gibalno aktivnost in z zdravjem povezano kakovost življenja, ter o ukrepih, povezanih z njimi. V pregled so vključene raziskave, ki so objavljene v angleškem jeziku v obdobju 2000–2010 in evidentirane v Web of Science (SCI-EXPANDED ali SSCI). Članek povzema izsledke 46 objav, za potrebe teoretičnih izhodišč pa še dodatnih 43 objav. Rezultati: Na odločitev za gibanje vplivajo lastnosti posameznika in širšega družbenoekonomskega okolja. Bistveni so starost, spol in zdravstveni status posameznika. Pri posameznih skupinah populacije prepoznamo specifične dejavnike, ki vplivajo na odločitev za gibalno aktivnost. Učinkoviti ukrepi spodbujanja gibanja so zato usmerjeni na te skupine in izhajajo iz identificiranih dejavnikov. Diskusija in zaključek: Raznolikost omenjenih skupin in dejavnikov je osnova za načrtovanje preventivnih oziroma interventnih ukrepov. Smiselno je, da se pri organiziranju in izvajanju programov povežejo organizacije s področij zdravstva, športa in druge interesne skupine. Pri tem naj izkoristijo obstoječe zakonske okvire.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Renata Slabe Erker, Inštitut za ekonomska raziskovanja, Kardeljeva ploščad 17, 1000 Ljubljana
dr. Renata Slabe Erker, univ. dipl. ekon.
Simon Ličen, Washington State University, Dept. of Educational Leadership & Counseling Psychology, Cleveland Hall 351, Pullman, WA 99163
doc. dr. Simon Ličen, univ. dipl. nov.

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2014-06-23
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Slabe Erker, R. in Ličen, S. (2014) Dejavniki gibalne aktivnosti in z zdravjem povezane kakovosti življenja, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 48(2). doi: 10.14528/snr.2014.48.2.18.
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