Vpliv zdravstvene nege na kakovost zdravstvene obravnave: priporočila za ravnanje na osnovi raziskave RN4CAST

  • Walter Sermeus Catholic University Leuven, Leuven Institute for Healthcare Policy, Kapucijnenvoer 35, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium
Ključne besede: varnost pacientov, zaposlovanje in stalnost zaposlitve, medicinske sestre, izobrazba, delovno okolje, izgorelost

Povzetek

Uvod: Raziskava RN4CAST (akronim za Nurse Forecasting in Europe) se je pričela leta 2009 in se zaključila leta 2011, skladno s 7. okvirnim programom Evropske unije. Namen te raziskave je bil ugotoviti, v kolikšni meri delovno okolje in izobrazba medicinskih sester vplivajo na menjavanje zaposlitve, izgorelost delavcev v zdravstveni negi in zdravstveno stanje pacientov. Metode: Raziskava je potekala v dvanajstih evropskih državah kot presečna študija, v katero je bilo vključenih 500 bolnišnic. V raziskovalno anketo je bilo vključenih več kot 33.000 medicinskih sester ter več kot 11.000 pacientov. Dobljene podatke smo povezali s podatki o izidih zdravljenja, ki smo jih pridobili iz podatkovnih administrativnih baz. Rezultati: Rezultati raziskave kažejo, da so izid zdravljenja in tudi umrljivost ter zadovoljstvo pacientov močno povezani s številskim razmerjem med pacienti in medicinskimi sestrami, izobrazbeno stopnjo medicinskih sester ter njihovim delovnim okoljem. Prav tako je število medicinskih sester ter njihovo delovno okolje povezano z izgorelostjo, stalnostjo zaposlitve ter zadovoljstvom na delovnem mestu. Diskusija in zaključek: Z raziskavo RN4CAST smo pridobili obsežno podatkovno bazo o problemih delavcev v zdravstveni negi v različnih evropskih zdravstvenih sistemih. Dobljeni podatki lahko predstavljajo osnovo za oblikovanje enotnejše zdravstvene politike, saj se ti sistemi razlikujejo glede števila in izobrazbe medicinskih sester, primernosti delovnih okolij, številčnosti primerov izgorelosti, stopnje zadovoljstva na delovnem mestu ter stalnosti zaposlitve.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografija avtorja

Walter Sermeus, Catholic University Leuven, Leuven Institute for Healthcare Policy, Kapucijnenvoer 35, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium
prof. dr. Walter Sermeus, RN, FEANS, PhD.

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Objavljeno
2015-12-21
Kako citirati
Sermeus, W. (2015) Vpliv zdravstvene nege na kakovost zdravstvene obravnave: priporočila za ravnanje na osnovi raziskave RN4CAST, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 49(4). doi: 10.14528/snr.2015.49.4.78.
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