Razjede in njihovo celjenje pri pacientih po amputaciji

Avtorji

  • Romana Petkovšek-Gregorin Univerzitetni rehabilitacijski Inštitut Republike Slovenije-Soča, Linhartova 51, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.2.2987

Ključne besede:

poškodba kože, zdravljenje, zdravstvena nega

Povzetek

Uvod: Najpogostejši vzroki, ki vplivajo na celjenje razjed pri pacientih po amputaciji, so periferna arterijska bolezen, sladkorna bolezen in kronična venska insuficienca. Namen raziskave je bil prepoznati dejavnike, ki lahko vplivajo na celjenje razjede na amputacijskem krnu.
Metode: Uporabljena je bila kvantitativna neeksperimentalna raziskovalna metodologija. Izvedena je bila retrospektivna raziskava s pregledom negovalne dokumentacije o spremljanju razjede. V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 134 pacientov po amputaciji spodnjega uda z razjedo, hospitaliziranih v letu 2017. Uporabljeni sta bili opisna statistika in logistična regresija.
Rezultati: Razjedo, nastalo zaradi različnih vzrokov, je imelo 134 pacientov. Ženske imajo v primerjavi v moškimi več možnosti za prisotnost razjede ob odpustu (RO = 4,8, 95 % IZ: 1–22), prav tako pacienti, ki so imeli razjedo že ob sprejemu (RO = 7,7, 95 % IZ: 3–19,2), in tisti z več kot eno razjedo (RO = 4,7, 95 % IZ: 1–22,3). Pri pacientih, ki imajo razjedo na amputacijskem krnu, imajo večjo možnost, da se bo ta do konca rehabilitacije zacelila (RO = 0,2, 95 % IZ: 0,1–0,6 p = 0,004).
Diskusija in zaključek: Ugotovitve nakazujejo, da je pri ženskah večja verjetnost, da razjeda ob odpustu ne bo zaceljena, kot pri pacientih, pri katerih je bila razjeda prisotna že ob sprejemu, in pri tistih, ki imajo več razjed. Treba bi bilo izvesti raziskavo, ki bi zajela večje število pacientov. Prav tako bi bilo treba natančneje določiti parametre spremljanja.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Metrike

Nalaganej metrik....

Literatura

Anderson, J. J., Boone, J., Hansen, M., Spencer, L., & Fowler, Z. (2012). A comparation of diabetic smokers and non-diabetic smokers who undergo lower extremity amputation: A retrospective review of 112 patients. Diabetic Foot & Ankle, 3, 1–4. https://doi.org/10.3402/dfa.v3i0.19178 PMid:23082237; PMCid:PMC3474996 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3402/dfa.v3i0.19178

Anugraha, A., Jehangir, N., Alqubaisi, M., Rafee, A., Kurdy, N., & Pillai, A. (2020). End-capping of amputation stump with a local antibiotic containing hydroxyapatite bio-composive: A report of 13 cases with chronic lower limb osteomyelitis. Journal of Orthopaedics, 17, 124−126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jor.2019.11.007 PMid:31879490; PMCid:PMC6919344 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jor.2019.11.007

Armstrong, D. G., & Meyr, A. J. (2018a). Basic principles of wound management. UpToDate. Retrieved December 4, 2018 from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/basic-principles-ofwound-management/print

Armstrong, D. G., & Meyr, A. J., (2018b). Risk factors for impaired wound healing and wound complications. UpToDate. Retrieved December 4, 2018 from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/risk-factors-for-impaired-wound-healing-andwound-complications

Bommer, C., Heesemann, E., Sagalova, V., Manne-Goehler, J., Atun, R., Bärnighausen, T., & Vollmer, S. (2017). The global economic burden of diabetes in adults aged 20−79 years: A cost of illness study. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 5(6), 423−430. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(17)30097-9 PMid:28456416 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(17)30097-9

Brown, A. (2015). Phases of the wound-healing process. Nursing times, 111(46), 12−13. Cavassan, N. R. V., Camargo, C. C., Pontes, L. G., Barraviera, B., Ferreira, R. S., Miot, A. M., Abbade L. P. F., & Delazari dos Santos, L. (2018). Correlation between chronic venous ulcer axudate proteins and clinical profile: A cross sectional study. Journal of Proteomics, 192, 280−290. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2018.09.009 PMid:30261322 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jprot.2018.09.009

Diniz, I. V., de Oliveira, P. S., Santos, I. C. R. V., de Oliveira Matos, S. D., Costa, I. K. F., Costa, M. M. L., & Oliveira Soares, M. J. G. (2019). Factors associated with non-traumatic amputation in people with diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study. Review Electronic Enfermera, 21, 1−9. https://doi.org/10.5216/ree.v21.52484 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5216/ree.v21.52484

Frykberg, R. G., & Banks, J. (2015). Challanges in the treatment of chronic wounds. Advances in Wound Care, 4(9), 560−582. https://doi.org/10.1089/wound.2015.0635 PMid:26339534; PMCid:PMC4528992 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/wound.2015.0635

Guest, J. F., Ayoub, N., Mcllwraith, T., Julian, F., Uchegbu, I., Gerrish, A., Weidlich, D., Vowden, K., & Vowden, P. (2015). Health economic burden that wounds impose on the National Health Service in the UK. BMJ Open, 5(12), 1−8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009283 PMid:26644123; PMCid:PMC4679939 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009283

Guo, S., & DiPietro, L. A. (2010). Factors affecting wound healing. Journal of Dental Research, 89(3), 219−229. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034509359125 PMid:20139336; PMCid:PMC2903966 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034509359125

Hall, J., Buckley, H. L., Lamb, K., Stubbs, N., Saramago, P., Dumville, J. C., & Cullum, N. A. (2014). Point prevalence of complex wounds in a defined United Kingdom population. Wound Repair Regen, 22 (6), 694–700. https://doi.org/10.1111/wrr.12230 PMid:25224463 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/wrr.12230

Hasanadka, R., McLafferty, R. B., Moore, C. J., Hood, D. B., Ramsey, D. E., & Hodgson, K. J. (2011). Predictors of wound complications following major amputation for critical limb ischemia. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 54(5), 1374–1382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2011.04.048 PMid:21840153 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2011.04.048

Heyer, K., Herberger, K., Protz, G., & Glaeske, M. A. (2016). Epidemiology of chronic wounds in Germany: Analysis of statutory health insurance data. Wound Repair Regen, 24(2), 434–442. https://doi.org/10.1111/wrr.12387 PMid:26609788 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/wrr.12387

Highsmith, M. J., Kahle, J. T., Klenow, T. D., Andrews, C. R., Lewis, K. L., Bradley., R. C. ... Highsmith, J. T. (2016). Interventions to manage residual limb ulceration due to prosthetic use in individuals with lower extremity amputation: A systematic review of the literature. Technology and Innovation, 18(2/3), 115−123. https://doi.org/10.21300/18.2-3.2016.115 PMid:28066521; PMCid:PMC5218523 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21300/18.2-3.2016.115

Iqbal, A., Jan, A., Wajid, M. A., & Tariq, S. (2017). Management of chronic non-healing wounds by hirudotherapy. Wound Journal of Plastic Surgery, 6(1), 9−17.

Junichi, S., Shigerz, S., Kazuyoshi, H., Takashi, U., Tsukasa, S., Ryui, H. ... Saito, N. (2012). A retrospective, longitudinal study to evaluate healing lower extremity wounds in patients with diabetes mellitus and ischemia using standard protocols of care and platelet-rich plasma gel in a Japanese Wound Care Program. Ostomy Wound Management, 58(4), 36−49. PMid:22466132

Kamrad, I., Söderberg, B., Örneholm, H., & Hagberg, K. (2020). SwedeAmp-the Swedish amputation and prostetics registry: 8-year data on 5762 patients with lower limb amputation show sex differences in amputation level and in patient-reported outcome. Acta Orthopaedica, 91(4), 464−470. https://doi.org/10.1080/17453674.2020.1756101 PMid:32316805 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17453674.2020.1756101

Koichi, M., Terutoshi, Y., & Kazuomi, I. (2018). Risk factors for wound complications and 30-day mortality after major lower limb amputations in patients with peripheral arterial disease. Vascular, 26(1), 12–17. https://doi.org/10.1177/1708538117714197 PMid:28587576 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1708538117714197

Kodeks etike v zdravstveni negi in oskrbi Slovenije in Kodeks etike za babice Slovenije. (2014). Ljubljana: Zbornica zdravstvene in babiške nege Slovenije – Zveza strokovnih društev medicinskih sester, babic in zdravstvenih tehnikov Slovenije.

Liu, M., Zhang, W., Yan, Z., & Yuan, X. (2018). Smoking increases risk of diabetic foot amputation: A meta-analysis. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 15(2), 1680−1685. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5538 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5538

Meulenbelt, H. E. J. (2010). Skin problems of the stump in lower limb amputees (pp. 128−131). University of Groningen, Groningen.

Meulenbelt, H. E. J., Dijkstra, P. U., Jonkman, M. F., & Geertzen, J. H. B. (2006). Skin problems in lower limb amputees: A systematic review. Disability & Rehabilitation, 28(10), 603–608. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638280500277032 PMid:16690571 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09638280500277032

Meulenbelt, H. E. J., Geertzen, J. H., Jonkman, M. F., & Dijkstra, P. U. (2009). Determinants of skin problems of the stump in lower limb amputees. Archived of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(1), 74−81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2008.07.015 PMid:19154832 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2008.07.015

Meulenbelt, H. E. J., Geertzen, J. H., Jonkman, M. F., & Dijkstra, P. U. (2011). Skin problems of the stump in lower limb amputees: 1.a clinical study. Acta Dermato Venereologica, 91(2), 173−177. https://doi.org/10.2340/00015555-1040 PMid:21290085 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2340/00015555-1040

Mills, J. L., Conte, M. S., Armstrong, D. G., Pomposelli, F. B., Schanzer, A., Sidawy, A. N., & Andros, G. (2014). The society for vascular surgery lower extremity threatement limb classification system: Risk stratification based on wound ischemia, and foot infection (Wlfl). Journal of Vascular Surgery, 59(1), 220−234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2013.08.003 PMid:24126108 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2013.08.003

Moore, Z., Butcher, G., Corbett, L. Q., McGuiness, W., Snyder, R. J., & van Acker, K. (2014). Exploring the concept of a team approach to wound care: Managing wounds as a team. Journal of Wound Care, 23(Suppl. 5b), S1−S38. https://doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2014.23.Sup5b.S1 PMid:25191792 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2014.23.Sup5b.S1

Nealon, R. S., Howe, P. R., Jansen, L., Garg, M., & Wong, R. H. (2017). Impaired cerebrovascular responsiveness and cognitive performance in adults with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, 31(2), 462–467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2016.06.025 PMid:27431891 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2016.06.025

Newbern, S. (2018). Identifying pain and effects on quality of life from chronic wounds secondary to lower-extremity vascular disease: An integrative rewiew. Advances in Skin & Wound Care, 31(3), 102−108. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000530069.82749.e5 PMid:29438143 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000530510.25368.d4

Oliverio, J., Gero, E., Whitacre, K. L., & Rankin, J. (2016). Wound care algorithm: Diagnosis and treatment. Advances in Skin & Wound Care, 29(2), 65–72. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000473132.88076.af PMid:26765158 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000473132.88076.af

Pađen, L. (2014). Kakovost življenja bolnika s kronično razjedo. In: D. M. Smrke & Nikolič J. (Eds.), 9. simpozij o ranah – sodobni pristopi za učinkovito zdravljenje okuženih kirurških in kroničnih ran, Portorož, 24. do 25. april, 2014 (pp. 91−95). Ljubljana: Klinični oddelek za kirurške okužbe, Kirurška klinika, Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana.

Pastar, I., Stojadinovic, O., Yin, N. C., Ramirez, H., Nusbaum, A. G., Sawaya, A. … Tomic-Canic, M. (2014). Epithelialization in wound healing: A comprehensive review. Advances in Wound Care (New Rochelle), 3(7), 445–464. https://doi.org/10.1089/wound.2013.0473 PMid:25032064; PMCid:PMC4086220 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1089/wound.2013.0473

Polfer, E. M., Hoyt, B. W., Senchak, L. T., Murphey, M. D., Forsberg, J. A., & Potter, B. K. (2014). Fluid collections in amputations are not indicative or predictive of infection. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 472(10), 2978−2983. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-014-3586-x PMid:24691841; PMCid:PMC4160471 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-014-3586-x

Price, B., Moffatt, B., & Crofts, D. (2015). Managing patients following a lower limb amputation. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 29(3), 26–33.

Raya, M. A., Gailey, R. S., Fiebert, I. M., & Roach, K.E. (2010). Amputation impairment variables predicting activity limitation in individuals with lower limb. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 34(1), 73−83. https://doi.org/10.3109/03093640903585008 PMid:20196689 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3109/03093640903585008

Reiber, G. E., McFarland, L. V., Hubbard, S., Maynard, C., Blough, D. K., Gambel, J. M., & Smith, D. G. (2010). Servicemembers and veterans with major traumatic limb loss from Vietnam war and OIF/OEF conflicts: Survey methods, participants, and summary findings. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 47(4), 275–298. https://doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2010.01.0009 PMid:20803399 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2010.01.0009

Rink, C., Wernke, M. M., Powell, H. M., Gynawali, S., Schroeder, R. M., Kim, J. Y. ... Chandan, S. K. 2016). Elevated vacuum suspension preservesresidual-limb skin health in people with lower-limb amputation: Randomized clinical trial. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 53(6), 1121−1132. https://doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2015.07.0145 PMid:28355039 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2015.07.0145

Rocha, D. M., Bezerra, S. M. G., Andrade, E. M. L. R., Santos, A. M. R., & Nogueira, L. T. (2019). Quality of lihe of people with chronic wounds. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem, 32(2), 1−9.

Salomé, G. M., Almeida, S. A., Pereira, M. T. J., Massahud, M. R., Moreira, C. N., Brito, M. J. ... Masako, L. (2016). The impact of venous leg ulcers onbody image and self-esteem. Advances in Skin & Wound Care, 29(7), 316−321. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000484243.32091.0c PMid:27300362 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000484243.32091.0c

Salawu, A., Middelton, C., Gilbertson, A., Kodavali, K., & Neumann, V. (2006). Stump ulcers and continued prosthetic limb use. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 30(3), 279−285. https://doi.org/10.1080/03093640600836139 PMid:17162518 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03093640600836139

Tabatabaei-Malazy, O., Mohajeri-Tehrani, M. R., Pajouhi, M., Shojaei Fard, A., Amini, M. R., & Larijani, B. (2010). Iranian diabetic foot research network. Advances in Skin & Wound Care, 23(10), 450−454. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000383222.79771.93 PMid:20859075 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000383222.79771.93

Turns, M. (2011). The diabetic foot: An overview of assessment and complications. British Journal of Nursing, 20(15), S19–S25. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2011.20.Sup8.S19 PMid:21841646 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2011.20.Sup8.S19

Urbančič, V., & Slak, M. (2017). Pregled diabetičnega stopala. Retrieved November 16, 2018 from http://endodiab.si/priporočila/diabetična-noga/pregled-stopala/

Wadwhani, S. (2007). Prevalence of stump problems in a community sample of lower limb amputees. Leeds: Leeds Medical School SSM project.

Whiting, D. R., Guardiguata, L., Weil, C., & Shaw, J. (2011). IDF diabetes atlas: Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2011 and 2030. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 94(3), 311−321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2011.10.029 PMid:22079683 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2011.10.029

World Medical Association. (2013). World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. Journal of the American Medical Association, 310(20), 2191–2194. Retrieved from http://www.wma.net/en/20activities/10ethics/10helsinki/DoH-Oct2013-JAMA.pdf PMid:24141714 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2013.281053

Yang, N. B., Garza, L. A., Foote, C. E., Sewon Kang, S., & Meyerle, J. H (2012). High prevalence of stumpdermatoses 38 years or more after amputation. Archives of Dermatology, 148(11), 1283–1286. https://doi.org/10.1001/archdermatol.2012.3004 PMid:23165833; PMCid:PMC4429883 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1001/archdermatol.2012.3004

Zhang, P., Lu, J., Jing, Y., Tang, S., Zhu, D., & Bi, Y. (2017). Global epidemiology of diabetic foot ulceration: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Medicine, 49, 106–116. https://doi.org/10.1080/07853890.2016.1231932 PMid:27585063 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07853890.2016.1231932

Prenosi

Objavljeno

2021-06-21 — posodobljeno 2021-06-21

Verzije

Kako citirati

Petkovšek-Gregorin, R. (2021). Razjede in njihovo celjenje pri pacientih po amputaciji. Obzornik Zdravstvene Nege, 55(2), 76–84. https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.2.2987

Številka

Rubrike

Izvirni znanstveni članek