Sociodemografske in socioekonomske neenakosti glede telesne dejavnosti med slovensko mladino

  • Andrej Kirbiš University of Maribor, Faculty of Arts, Department of Sociology, Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor
  • Marina Tavčar Krajnc University of Maribor, Faculty of Arts, Department of Sociology, Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
  • Bojan Musil University of Maribor, Faculty of Arts, Department of Psychology, Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor
Ključne besede: gibalna aktivnost, zdravje, dobro počutje, uporaba medijev, socioekonomske neenakosti, življenjski slog

Povzetek

Uvod: Raziskave kažejo, da ima redna gibalna aktivnost za zdravje številne pozitivne učinke, vendar je glede svoje pogostosti in stopnje neenakomerno porazdeljena med družbenimi sloji, kar velja tudi za Slovenijo. Namen pričujoče raziskave je bil preučiti pogostost in dejavnike gibalne aktivnosti med slovensko mladino. Metode: Izvedena je bila presečna anketna raziskava na reprezentativnem vzorcu 907 v Sloveniji stanujočih mladih, starih 16–27 let (x̄starost = 21,90, s = 3,25, 48,3 % žensk). Analizirani so bili dejavniki telesne dejavnosti (pogoste telesne dejavnosti v zadnjih sedmih dneh). Rezultati: Več kot štirje izmed desetih mladih (41,3 %) so poročali, da so bili v preteklem tednu le v dveh dnevih ali še redkeje intenzivno gibalno aktivni vsaj 20 minut dnevno. Regresijska analiza je pokazala, da je osem prediktorjev skupaj pojasnilo 4,2 % variance gibalne aktivnosti (prilagojena R2 = 3,4 %). Moški spol je bil edini statistično značilni napovedovalec pogostejše gibalne aktivnosti (β = 0,20, p < 0,001). Prav tako je bil zaznan interakcijski učinek spola, ki je moderiral odnos med starostjo in pogostostjo telesne dejavnosti (β = 0,10, p < 0,05). Diskusija in zaključek: Vpliv socioekonomskega statusa na pogostost gibalne aktivnosti ni bil zaznan. V prihodnjih raziskavah bi bilo potrebno preučiti tudi druge kazalnike socioekonomskega položaja in deprivacije. Rezultati pričujoče raziskave bi lahko predstavljali podlago za programe in ukrepe na področju gibalne aktivnosti, ki bi morali biti usmerjeni predvsem na mlade ženske.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Andrej Kirbiš, University of Maribor, Faculty of Arts, Department of Sociology, Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor
Andrej Kirbiš, PhD in Sociology, Assistant Professor
Marina Tavčar Krajnc, University of Maribor, Faculty of Arts, Department of Sociology, Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
Marina Tavčar Krajnc, PhD in Sociology, Assistant Professor
Bojan Musil, University of Maribor, Faculty of Arts, Department of Psychology, Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor
Bojan Musil, PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor

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Objavljeno
2014-12-17
Kako citirati
Kirbiš, A., Tavčar Krajnc, M. in Musil, B. (2014) Sociodemografske in socioekonomske neenakosti glede telesne dejavnosti med slovensko mladino, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 48(4). doi: 10.14528/snr.2014.48.4.36.
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Izvirni znanstveni članek