Uporaba hipodermoklize pri zdravstveni obravnavi uporabnikov institucionalnega varstva starejših

  • Klavdija Kobal Straus Dom upokojencev Idrija, Arkova 4, 5280 Idrija
Ključne besede: dehidracija, zapleti, hipodermokliza, prednosti hipodermoklize, zdravstvena nega

Povzetek

Uvod: Hipodermokliza je dovajanje tekočin v telo z uporabo podkožne (subkutane) infuzije. Raziskave kažejo, da gre za način, ki je po svoji učinkovitosti primerljiv z bolj poznanim intravenskim nadomeščanjem tekočine.

Metoda: Uporabljena je bila deskriptivna kvantitativna metoda dela. Za potrebe raziskave je bil oblikovan strukturiran vprašalnik, ki je vseboval 14 vprašanj. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 40 vodij zdravstvene nege na področju institucionalnega varstva starejših. Vprašalnik je bil oblikovan in posredovan s pomočjo spletnega orodja 1ka dne 10. 2. 2013, zbiranje odgovorov je potekalo do 26. 2. 2013. Analiza podatkov je bila izvedena s pomočjo programskega orodja 1ka, paketa MS Office (Word, Excel) in programa SPSS 18.0.

Rezultati: Prepoznavnost in uporaba hipodermoklize se glede na geografsko lego institucije v Sloveniji ne razlikuje (χ2 = 0,440, p = 0,507). Zapleti, povezani s tovrstnim načinom nadomeščanja tekočine, so redki in niso v neposredni povezavi s tem, kako pogosto se ga izvajalci poslužujejo (χ2 = 0,000, p = 1,000). Z raziskavo nismo ugotovili statistično značilnih razlik v pogostosti zapletov glede na izobrazbo zdravstveno negovalnega kadra, ki postopek hipodermoklize  izvede (χ2 = 3,900, p = 0,420).

Diskusija in zaključek: Raziskava pokaže, da je hipodermokliza med vključenimi v raziskavo prepoznana in uporabljana. Ker je hipodermokliza varen, enostaven in ekonomsko sprejemljiv način nadomeščanja tekočine, ki ga s področja institucionalnega varstva starejših in bolnišnic lahko prenesemo tudi v domače okolje, mu v prihodnosti velja nameniti več pozornosti. 

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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2014-04-03
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Kobal Straus, K. (2014) Uporaba hipodermoklize pri zdravstveni obravnavi uporabnikov institucionalnega varstva starejših, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 48(1). doi: 10.14528/snr.2014.48.1.10.
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