Duhovnost v zdravstveni negi v Sloveniji

pregled literature

  • Klelija Štrancar
  • Andreja Mihelič Zajec Univerza v Ljubljani, Zdravstvena fakulteta Ljubljana, Zdravstvena pot 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija
Ključne besede: duhovna oskrba, religija, duhovne potrebe, medicinske sestre

Povzetek

Uvod: Duhovnost v zdravstveni negi v svetu temelji na raziskavah, ki so podlaga za praktično delo medicinskih sester. Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti število objavljene znanstvene literature na temo duhovnosti v zdravstveni negi v slovenskem prostoru in jo proučiti glede na raziskovalni pristop in vsebinsko tematiko.
Metode: Uporabljen je bil pregled znanstvene literature, objavljene od 2005 do 2017 v podatkovni bazi COBIB.SI. Iskanje je potekalo s ključnimi besedami: »duhovnost«, »duhovna oskrba«, »celostni pristop«, »zdravstvena nega«, »paliativna oskrba«, »žalovanje«, »umiranje«, »duhovno zdravje«. Uporabljena je bila metoda analize vsebine. 
Rezultati: Izmed 367 identificiranih objav je bilo v končno analizo vključenih 11 znanstvenih del. Z metodo analize vsebine so bile identificirane tri kategorije: (1) razumevanje pojma duhovnosti in duhovne oskrbe ter pripisovanje njunega pomena za paciente; (2) zaznavanje duhovnih potreb pacientov in izvajanje prakse duhovne oskrbe; (3) predstavitev potencialov eksistencialno- fenomenološkega pristopa, ki poglabljajo samorazumevanje spremljevalca pri spremljanju in duhovni podpori pacientov in njihovih svojcev.
Diskusija in zaključek: Zanimanje za obravnavano temo je v domačem prostoru prisotno. V znanstvenih objavah je duhovnost najpogosteje obravnavana na področju paliativne oskrbe in umiranja. Medicinske sestre imajo pomembno vlogo pri zaznavanju in opozarjanju na duhovne potrebe pacientov ter nudenju podpore.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Klelija Štrancar

dr., univ. dipl. teol.

Andreja Mihelič Zajec, Univerza v Ljubljani, Zdravstvena fakulteta Ljubljana, Zdravstvena pot 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija

pred., viš. med. ses., univ. dipl. org.

Literatura

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Bush, T. & Bruni N., 2008. Spiritual care as a dimension of holistic care: a relational interpretation. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 14(11), pp. 539–545. https://doi.org/10.12968/ijpn.2008.14.11.31758 PMid:19060804

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Objavljeno
2019-09-15
Kako citirati
Štrancar, K. in Mihelič Zajec, A. (2019) Duhovnost v zdravstveni negi v Sloveniji, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 53(3), str. 232–242. doi: 10.14528/snr.2019.53.3.749.
Rubrike
Pregledni znanstveni članek