Prednosti metode Montessori pri obravnavi oseb z demenco

  • Andreja Ljubič Zdravstveni dom dr. Franca Ambrožiča Patronažno varstvo Prečna ulica 2 6230 Postojna
  • Tamara Štemberger Kolnik Univera na Primorskem, Fakulteta za vede o zdravju Polje 42, 6310 Izola
Ključne besede: medicinska sestra, zdravstvena nega, terapevtske aktivnosti, pedagogika montessori

Povzetek

Uvod: Demenca je kronično obolenje s tendenco upadanja kognitivnih sposobnosti obolelega. Uporaba metod za obvladovanje in trening osnovnih življenjskih aktivnosti, ki omogočajo daljše obdobje samostojnega življenja pacienta z demenco, je v tujini uveljavljena z različnimi novejšimi koomplementarnimi pristopi. Ena izmed uveljavljenih metod je pristop Marie Montessori, prilagojen odraslim pacientom z demenco. V članku je predstavljena metoda montessori pri obravnavi pacienta z demenco in njeni učinki na kakovost življenja pacienta z demenco. Metode: Uporabljena je bila deskriptivna raziskovalna metodologija s pregledom domače in tuje literature. Za prikaz pregleda petih preko spleta dostopnih podatkovnih baz in odločanja o uporabnosti pregledanih virov je bila uporabljena metoda PRISMA. V končni pregled literature je bilo ključenih 19 člankov, objavljenih do maja 2016. Za obdelavo podatkov je bil uporabljen model analize konceptov. Večina zajetih raziskav je bila izvedena v Združenih državah Amerike. Rezultati: Po pregledu raziskav so bila identificirana tri tematska področja: (1) vpliv metode montessori na sodelovanje in prizadevanje, (2) vpliv metode montessori na vedenje, povezano s hranjenjem, in (3) vpliv metode montessori na širšo skupino kognitivnih sposobnosti. Diskusija in zaključek: Kljub majhnemu številu člankov, ki opisujejo uporabo metode montessori pri obravnavi pacientov z demenco, metodo lahko predstavimo kot učinkovito. Avtorji raziskav ugotavljajo, da pristop ne le omogoča ohranjanje kognitivnih sposobnosti, temveč le-te celo izboljšuje.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Andreja Ljubič, Zdravstveni dom dr. Franca Ambrožiča Patronažno varstvo Prečna ulica 2 6230 Postojna
Andreja Ljubič, mag. zdr. neg.
Tamara Štemberger Kolnik, Univera na Primorskem, Fakulteta za vede o zdravju Polje 42, 6310 Izola
Viš. pred. mag. Tamara Štemberger Kolnik, dipl. m. s.

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Objavljeno
2017-03-15
Kako citirati
Ljubič, A. in Štemberger Kolnik, T. (2017) Prednosti metode Montessori pri obravnavi oseb z demenco, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 51(1), str. 75-88. doi: 10.14528/snr.2017.51.1.117.
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