Zdravstvena pismenost in sladkorna bolezen

študija primera na skupini pacientov v specialistični ambulanti za zdravljenje sladkorne bolezni

  • Ines Skok Splošna bolnišnica Izola, Polje 40, 6310 Izola, Slovenija
  • Tamara Štemberger Kolnik Ministrstvo za zdravje Republike Slovenije, Štefanova 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8241-0550
  • Katarina Babnik Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za psihologijo, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija
Ključne besede: funkcionalna pismenost, zdravje, zdravstvena vzgoja, sladkorna bolezen

Povzetek

Uvod: Sladkorna bolezen zahteva od pacienta učinkovito samooskrbo, h kateri pripomore tudi zdravstvena pismenost. V skladu s tem je bil cilj raziskave na vzorcu pacientov s sladkorno boleznijo ugotoviti, kakšna je stopnja splošne in specifične zdravstvene pismenosti.
Metode: Izvedena je bila študija primera, v katero je bilo vključenih 36 pacientov s sladkorno boleznijo. Instrumenta za zbiranje podatkov sta bila vprašalnik za oceno splošne zdravstvene pismenosti ter vprašalnik za oceno specifične zdravstvene pismenosti. Zbrani podatki so bili analizirani s pomočjo deskriptivne statistike (frekvence, aritmetične sredine, standardne deviacije). Za vprašalnik splošne zdravstvene pismenosti smo izračunali zanesljivost (Cronbach alpha = 0,94) in analizirali dimenzionalno strukturo (faktorska analiza).
Rezultati: Na področju splošne zdravstvene pismenosti so udeleženci dosegli najnižji rezultat pri preprečevanju bolezni (x = 2,89, s = 0,85), najvišji pa pri promociji zdravja (x = 3,13, s = 0,79). Osebe, ki so sodelovale v raziskavi, izkazujejo visoko specifično zdravstveno pismenost, saj so bili njihovi odgovori na večino vprašanj vprašalnika o specifični zdravstveni pismenosti pacientov s sladkorno boleznijo v povprečju 82 % pravilni.
Diskusija in zaključek: Rezultati raziskave potrjujejo ustrezno stopnjo specifične zdravstvene pismenosti na področju sladkorne bolezni pri skupini pacientov, zajetih v raziskavo. Nekoliko slabša je njihova splošna zdravstvena pismenost na področju preprečevanja bolezni in zagotavljanja zdravega življenjskega sloga.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Ines Skok, Splošna bolnišnica Izola, Polje 40, 6310 Izola, Slovenija

dipl. m. s.

Tamara Štemberger Kolnik, Ministrstvo za zdravje Republike Slovenije, Štefanova 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija

viš. pred., mag., dipl. m. s.

Katarina Babnik, Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za psihologijo, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija

doc. dr., univ.dipl. psih.

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Objavljeno
2019-03-15
Kako citirati
Skok, I., Štemberger Kolnik, T. in Babnik, K. (2019) Zdravstvena pismenost in sladkorna bolezen, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 53(1), str. 49-56. doi: 10.14528/snr.2019.53.1.233.
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