Stališča do duhovnosti in duhovne oskrbe med zaposlenimi v zdravstveni negi v bolnišnicah

  • Tanja Montanič Starc Ortopedska bolnišnica Valdoltra, Jadranska cesta 31, 6280 Ankaran, Slovenija
  • Igor Karnjuš Univerza na Primorskem, Fakulteta za vede o zdravju, Polje 42, 6310 Izola, Slovenija
  • Katarina Babnik Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za psihologijo, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija
Ključne besede: spiritualnost, spiritualna oskrba, stališča, prepričanja, medicinske sestre

Povzetek

Uvod: Razumevanje duhovnosti in duhovne oskrbe je pogoj nudenja celostne oskrbe pacienta. Cilj raziskave je bil opisati stališča zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi do duhovnosti in duhovne oskrbe.
Metode: Raziskava je bila izvedena v letih 2015 in 2016, z uporabo kvantitativne neeksperimentalne metode. Na vzorcu 182 zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi iz štirih slovenskih bolnišnic, v katerem so prevladovale ženske (n = 153, 88,4 %) s končano visokošolsko (n = 93, 53,8 %) ali srednješolsko izobrazbo (n = 75, 43,4 %), je bil uporabljen vprašalnik Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale. Vprašalnik je imel ustrezno notranjo konsistentnost (Cronbach alfa = 0,83).
Rezultati: Najvišje strinjanje (x = 4,27, s = 0,82) so anketiranci podali za trditev, ki opisuje duhovno oskrbo z vidika spoštovanja zasebnosti, dostojanstva ter spoštovanja kulturnih in verskih prepričanj pacienta. Prav tako se strinjajo, da zagotavljajo duhovno oskrbo pacientov z izkazovanjem prijaznosti, skrbi in vedrine (x = 4,2, s = 0,76). Anketiranci so bili negotovi glede trditve, da sta duhovnost in duhovna oskrba temeljna vidika zdravstvene nege (x = 2,88, s = 1,08).
Diskusija in zaključek: Anketiranci duhovnost povezujejo predvsem z razumevanjem samega sebe in sveta, najmanj pa z religijo ter s sakralnimi objekti. Raziskava potrjuje ugotovitve predhodnih slovenskih raziskav, da dajejo zaposleni v zdravstveni negi pred  duhovnimi potrebami prednost oskrbi fizičnih potreb, verjetno tudi zaradi pomanjkanja znanja o tem področju in ustreznih smernic.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Tanja Montanič Starc, Ortopedska bolnišnica Valdoltra, Jadranska cesta 31, 6280 Ankaran, Slovenija

mag. zdr. neg.

Igor Karnjuš, Univerza na Primorskem, Fakulteta za vede o zdravju, Polje 42, 6310 Izola, Slovenija

doc. dr.

Katarina Babnik, Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za psihologijo, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija

doc. dr., univ. dipl. psih.

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2019-03-15
Kako citirati
Montanič Starc, T., Karnjuš, I. in Babnik, K. (2019) Stališča do duhovnosti in duhovne oskrbe med zaposlenimi v zdravstveni negi v bolnišnicah, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 53(1), str. 31-48. doi: 10.14528/snr.2019.53.1.313.
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