Heymanova lestvica odnosa zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi do posebnih varovalnih ukrepov v Sloveniji

  • Branko Bregar Univerzitetna psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Studenec 34, 1000 Ljubljana in Fakulteta Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2341-2732
  • Brigita Skela-Savič Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1028-5383
  • Karmen Kajdiž Univerzitetna psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Studenec 48, 1260 Ljubljana Polje, Slovenija
  • Blanka Kores Plesničar Univerzitetna psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Studenec 48, 1260 Ljubljana Polje, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2127-0766
Ključne besede: zdravstvena nega, medicinske sestre, prisilni ukrepi, psihiatrija, nasilje

Povzetek

Uvod: Odnos zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi do posebnih varovalnih ukrepov je povezan z njihovo pojavnostjo. Namen raziskave je bil raziskati odnos zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi do posebnih varovalnih ukrepov.
Metode: Izvedena je bila presečna raziskava z uporabo Heymanove lestvice o odnosu do posebnih varovalnih ukrepov med vsemi zaposlenimi v zdravstveni negi (n = 367) v psihiatričnih bolnišnicah v Sloveniji.
Rezultati: Med slovenskimi psihiatričnimi bolnišnicami so ugotovljene razlike v trajanju posebnih varovalnih ukrepov (χ2 = 43,770, p < 0,001). Zaposleni se najpogosteje strinjajo, da pacient med posebnim varovalnim ukrepom čuti jezo (n = 328, 89,4 %). Kljub temu večina anketirancev verjame, da so posebni varovalni ukrepi lahko učinkovito terapevtsko orodje (n = 343, 91,6 %). Ženske (U = 11450,50, p = 0,025) in višje izobraženi zaposleni (U = 9527,00, p = 0,002) izražajo statistično bolj negativna čustva in manj odobravajo posebne varovalne ukrepe.
Diskusija in zaključek: Ob raziskovanju pojavnosti prisilnih ukrepov je jasno, da poleg dejavnikov, raziskovanih v naši študiji, obstajajo tudi drugi, bolj vplivni dejavniki. Zaradi razlik med bolnišnicami bi bilo treba pregledati obstoječo klinično prakso. Predvideva se, da je management zdravstvenih inštitucij pomemben dejavnik pri zmanjšanju pojavnosti posebnih varovalnih ukrepov.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Branko Bregar, Univerzitetna psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Studenec 34, 1000 Ljubljana in Fakulteta Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice

viš. pred. mag., dipl. zn.

Brigita Skela-Savič, Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija

izr. prof. dr., viš. med. ses., univ. dipl. org., znan. svet. 

Karmen Kajdiž, Univerzitetna psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Studenec 48, 1260 Ljubljana Polje, Slovenija

dipl. m. s.

Blanka Kores Plesničar, Univerzitetna psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Studenec 48, 1260 Ljubljana Polje, Slovenija

Prof. dr., dr. med., višja svetnica

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Objavljeno
2019-03-15
Kako citirati
Bregar, B., Skela-Savič, B., Kajdiž, K. in Kores Plesničar, B. (2019) Heymanova lestvica odnosa zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi do posebnih varovalnih ukrepov v Sloveniji, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 53(1), str. 18-30. doi: 10.14528/snr.2019.53.1.275.
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