Znanje, odnos in dojemanje dela s starejšimi osebami pri zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi in oskrbi v domovih za starejše

eksplorativna raziskava

  • Brigita Skela-Savič Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1028-5383
  • Simona Hvalič Touzery Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za družbene vede, Kardeljeva ploščad 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija
Ključne besede: starizem, Alzheimerjeva bolezen, izobraževanje, specialna znanja, specializacija, napredna zdravstvena nega, medsektorsko povezovanje

Povzetek

Uvod: Ustrezen odnos, splošna in strokovna znanja ter razumevanje vloge strokovnjakov, ki delajo s starejšimi osebami, lahko pripomorejo k odpravljanju stereotipov in prispevajo h kakovostni obravnavi starejših oseb. Namen raziskave je bil proučiti odnos do dela s starejšimi osebami, znanje o njem in njegovo dojemanje ter povezanost naštetega z izobraževanji zaposlenih v domovih za starejše.
Metoda: Izvedena je bila kvantitativna eksplorativna raziskava na populaciji izvajalcev zdravstvene nege in oskrbe (n = 266) v 13 domovih za starejše v Sloveniji. Podatki so bili zajeti z že razvitimi merskimi instrumenti (FAQ-R, POWP, ASD, ADKS). Raziskava je bila izvedena v obdobju med junijem in avgustom 2017. Podatki so bili obdelani z opisno in bivariantno statistiko.
Rezultati: Test FAQ-R je pokazal 65,2 % uspešnost anketirancev, ki se je povečala z večanjem stopnje izobrazbe (p < 0,001). Pri 7,8 % anketirancev je bil ugotovljen negativni odnos do starejših oseb. Na ADKS-testu je bilo zbranih 64,9 % možnih točk (s = 14,86); dosežek se razlikuje glede na stopnjo izobrazbe (p < 0,001) in starost anketirancev (p = 0,022).
Diskusija in zaključek: Splošno znanje o starejših osebah in staranju je pomanjkljivo; stopnja znanja o Alzheimerjevi bolezni je zadovoljiva, a se niža z nižanjem izobrazbe. Raziskava opozori na pomen številnih medsektorskih ukrepov, ki so odziv na potrebe dolgožive družbe. Področje je odprto za nadaljnje raziskovanje in razvoj novih instrumentov, ki bodo omogočili vzročno raziskovanje.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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Objavljeno
2020-03-21
Kako citirati
Skela-Savič, B. in Hvalič Touzery, S. (2020) „Znanje, odnos in dojemanje dela s starejšimi osebami pri zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi in oskrbi v domovih za starejš“e, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 54(1), str. 38-51. doi: 10.14528/snr.2020.54.1.2998.
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