Pogostost in značilnosti nasilja nad zdravstvenimi delavci na področju nujne medicinske pomoči in psihiatrije

  • Matej Bojić Psihiatrična bolnišnica Begunje, Begunje 55, 4275 Begunje
  • Urban Bole Psihiatrična bolnišnica Begunje, Begunje 55, 4275 Begunje
  • Branko Bregar Psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Studenec 48, 1000 Ljubljana in Fakulteta za zdravstvo Jesenice, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice
Ključne besede: agresija, medicinske sestre, pacienti, reševalci, razširjenost

Povzetek

Uvod: Nasilje pacientov nad zdravstvenimi delavci je ena izmed najbolj perečih težav, s katerimi se soočajo zdravstveni delavci. Namen raziskave je bil proučiti pojavnost ter oblike nasilnih vedenj, ki so jim izpostavljeni zdravstveni delavci na področju psihiatrije in nujne medicinske pomoči. Metode: Raziskava je temeljila na neeksperimentalni kvantitativni metodi z nenaključnim priročnim vzorcem. Uporabljen je bil strukturirani vprašalnik Perception of Prevalence of Aggression Scale. Sodelovalo je 197 anketirancev. Raziskava je potekala od junija do oktobra 2015. Podatki so bili obdelani z deskriptivno statistiko, s faktorsko analizo – z metodo poševne rotacije OBLIMIN, z Mann-Whitneyevim testom in s Kruskal-Wallisovim testom. Rezultati: Zaposleni v psihiatriji so pogosteje kot ostali anketiranci soočeni z manj ogrožajočim vedenjem (U = 2092,00, p = 0,008) in ogrožajočim vedenjem (U = 1685,50, p = 0,000). Anketirani z nižjo izobrazbo in zaposleni v izmenah so tisti, ki so nasilju bolj izpostavljeni. Ženske so v primerjavi z moškimi pogosteje soočene s spolnim nasilnim vedenjem (U = 3962,00, p = 0,033). Za obvladovanje nasilnega vedenja so anketirani nezadostno usposobljeni (x = 2,8, s = 1,186). Diskusija in zaključek: Zaposleni v psihiatričnih bolnišnicah in enotah nujne medicinske pomoči se v raziskavi pogosto srečujejo z nasiljem. Potrebne bi bile raziskave, ki bi proučile povezanost usposabljanja s področja obvladovanja nasilnega vedenja pacientov na pojavnost nasilja nad zdravstvenimi delavci.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Matej Bojić, Psihiatrična bolnišnica Begunje, Begunje 55, 4275 Begunje
Matej Bojić, dipl. zn.
Urban Bole, Psihiatrična bolnišnica Begunje, Begunje 55, 4275 Begunje
Urban Bole, dipl. zn.
Branko Bregar, Psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Studenec 48, 1000 Ljubljana in Fakulteta za zdravstvo Jesenice, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice
viš. pred. mag. Branko Bregar, dipl. zn.

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Objavljeno
2016-12-22
Kako citirati
Bojić, M., Bole, U. in Bregar, B. (2016) Pogostost in značilnosti nasilja nad zdravstvenimi delavci na področju nujne medicinske pomoči in psihiatrije, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 50(4). doi: 10.14528/snr.2016.50.4.128.
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