Odnos medicinskih sester do pacienta, odvisnega od prepovedanih drog

integrativni pregled literature

Avtorji

  • Amal Perviz Psihiatrična bolnišnica Begunje, Begunje na Gorenjskem 55, 4275 Begunje na Gorenjskem, Slovenija
  • Urban Bole Psihiatrična bolnišnica Idrija, Pot sv. Antona 49, 5280 Idrija, Slovenija
  • Branko Bregar Univerzitetna psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Chengdujska 45, 1260 Ljubljana, Slovenija in Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2341-2732

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.2.2961

Ključne besede:

stigma, medicinske sestre, zloraba, psihoaktivne substance, psihoaktivne snovi

Povzetek

Uvod: Odnos medicinskih sester do pacientov, odvisnih od prepovedanih drog, je dejavnik, ki vpliva tako na izid zdravljenja kot na rehabilitacijo pacientov, odvisnih od prepovedanih drog. Namen raziskave je bil raziskati odnos medicinskih sester do zdravstvene obravnave pacientov, odvisnih od prepovedanih drog.
Metode: Uporabili smo analizo in sintezo pregleda dokazov iz zbirk podatkov CINAHL, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global, SpringerLink, WILEY in PubMed. Omejitvena kriterija iskanja sta bila: objava članka med letoma 2008 in 2018 ter dostopnost celotnega besedila članka v angleščini. Oblikovan je bil konceptualni model PICOT s ključnimi besedami: »nurses«, »substance use disorders«, »attitudes«. Ocena kakovosti dokazov je prikazana v hierarhiji dokazov. Podatki so bili obdelani s tematsko analizo.
Rezultati: V končni pregled je bilo vključenih 18 izbranih ustreznih člankov, identificiranih je bilo 68 kod, ki so združene v pet vsebinskih kategorij: (1) dejavniki vpliva na negativen medosebni odnos; (2) dejavniki vpliva na pozitivnejši medosebni odnos; (3) psihopatološki, vedenjski in drugi dejavniki tveganja na strani pacienta, ki imajo pomen za kakovost medosebnega odnosa; (4) posledice neustreznega odnosa medicinskih sester za zdravstveno obravnavo pacientov; (5) ukrepi za preprečevanje predsodkov in stigmatizacije pacientov, odvisnih od prepovedanih drog.
Diskusija in zaključek: Raziskava potrjuje negativni odnos medicinskih sester do pacientov, odvisnih od prepovedanih drog. Določeni dejavniki so povezani tako z negativnim kot s pozitivnim odnosom medicinskih sester do teh pacientov. Njihovo proučevanje in posledice za zdravstveno oskrbo pacientov, odvisnih od prepovedanih drog, pa zahtevajo dodatne raziskave.

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2021-06-21 — posodobljeno 2021-06-21

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Kako citirati

Perviz, A., Bole, U., & Bregar, B. (2021). Odnos medicinskih sester do pacienta, odvisnega od prepovedanih drog: integrativni pregled literature. Obzornik Zdravstvene Nege, 55(2), 113–124. https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.2.2961

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