Ocena odnosa medicinskih sester do pacienta v forenzični psihiatriji

opisna neeksperimentalna kvantitativna raziskava

  • Vanda Cerar Socialnovarstveni zavod Taber, Šmartno 70, Cerklje na Gorenjskem, Slovenija
  • Branko Bregar Univerzitetna psihiatrična klinika, Studenec 48, Ljubljana, Slovenija in Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2341-2732
Ključne besede: medosebni odnosi, zdravstvena nega, ukrepi, zdravljenje, duševne motnje

Povzetek

Uvod: Forenzična psihiatrija obravnava ranljivo skupino pacientov. Paciente zaznamuje »več stigmatizirana identiteta«, ki vključuje stigmatiziranje duševne motnje, po drugi strani pa tudi stigmatiziranje kriminalnega dejanja, ki ga je oseba storila. Namen raziskave je bil raziskati poznavanje in odnos zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi do pacienta v forenzični psihiatriji.
Metode: Izvedli smo opisno neeksperimentalno kvantitativno raziskavo. Vprašalnik je bil razdeljen priložnostnemu vzorcu 320 zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi na področju psihiatrije in izven psihiatrične stroke, realizacija je bila 74,4 % (n = 238).
Rezultati: Anketiranci so obravnavo na področju forenzične psihiatrije poznali povprečno (x = 3,04, s = 1,17). Zaposleni izven psihiatrije (n = 55, = 5,72, s = 2,57) so izražali bolj odklonilen odnos (U = 838,50, p < 0,001) kot zaposleni v psihiatriji (n = 66, x = 7,53, s = 2,17), prepoznavali več negativnih značilnosti pacienta (U = 115,000, p = 0,043) in izražali več stigme (U = 1218,000, p = 0,002).
Diskusija in zaključek: Zaposlene na področju psihiatrije je manj strah, gojijo manj stigme in bolj poznajo področje forenzične psihiatrije. Ker so poznavanje, strah in prisotna stigma povezani s kakovostjo zdravstvene obravnave, je treba zaposlene usposobiti za delo z ranljivimi skupinami prebivalstva, kot so pacienti v forenzični psihiatriji. Tako lahko nudijo bolj kakovostno zdravstveno obravnavo.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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2020-06-23
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Cerar, V. in Bregar, B. (2020) Ocena odnosa medicinskih sester do pacienta v forenzični psihiatriji, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 54(2), str. 122-132. doi: 10.14528/snr.2020.54.2.2973.
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