Zdravstveni coaching kot pristop zdravstvene vzgoje k zdravemu življenjskemu slogu mladih

pregled literature

  • Rok Drnovšek Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Nevrološka klinika
  • Andreja Kvas
Ključne besede: sprememba vedenja, uživanje alkohola, kajenje, prehrana, telesna dejavnost, couch, medicinske sestre

Povzetek

Uvod: Sočasna podvrženost več dejavnikom tveganja v povezavi z nezdravim življenjskim slogom vodi v nastanek kroničnih nenalezljivih bolezni in je v Sloveniji najbolj razširjena med mladimi odraslimi (25–34 let). Zdravstveni coaching je pristop zdravstvene vzgoje, ki bi bil lahko uporaben za zmanjševanje pojavnosti multiplih dejavnikov tveganja v povezavi z nezdravim življenjskim slogom med mladimi. Namen raziskave je bil pregledati in analizirati literaturo o uporabi zdravstvenega coachinga za zdrav življenjski slog mladih.
Metode: Izveden je bil pregled znanstvene literature v podatkovnih bazah PubMed in PubMed Central. Upoštevana so bila priporočila PRISMA. Identificirane zadetke smo uvrstili v nivo hierarhije dokazov in ocenili kakovost s pomočjo orodja za ocenjevanje kakovosti raziskav z mešano metodološko zasnovo.
Rezultati: Izmed 777 identificiranih zadetkov je bilo v končno analizo vključenih sedem izvirnih znanstvenih člankov. Zdravstveni coaching je pri obravnavi multiplih dejavnikov tveganja v povezavi z nezdravim življenjskim slogom najpogosteje uporabljen za hkratno promocijo zdrave prehrane in telesne dejavnosti. Uporaba pristopa pri mlajših od 35 let pogosto vključuje rabo sodobne informacijsko-komunikacijske tehnologije.
Diskusija in zaključek: Zdravstveni coaching lahko pomembno vpliva na odpravo in preprečevanje multiplih dejavnikov tveganja v povezavi z nezdravim življenjskim slogom med mladimi. Implementacija pristopa mora temeljiti na premišljeni zasnovi in neprekinjeni evalvaciji uspešnosti in učinkovitosti.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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Objavljeno
2020-12-14
Kako citirati
Drnovšek, R. in Kvas, A. (2020) Zdravstveni coaching kot pristop zdravstvene vzgoje k zdravemu življenjskemu slogu mladih, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 54(4), str. 326-337. doi: 10.14528/snr.2020.54.4.3010.
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