Pogostnost sindroma bolnih stavb v bolnišnicah v povezavi z okoljskimi dejavniki

sistematični pregled literature

  • Sedina Kalender Smajlović Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija
  • Mateja Dovjak Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za gradbeništvo in geodezijo, Jamova 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4929-0232
  • Andreja Kukec Univerza v Ljubljani, Medicinska fakulteta, Vrazov trg 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5267-8409
Ključne besede: simptomi bolnih stavb, zdravstveni delavci, onesnaževala

Povzetek

Uvod: Okoljski dejavniki imajo pomembno vlogo pri ohranjanju in krepitvi zdravja. Namen raziskave je bil oceniti pogostost simptomov sindroma bolnih stavb (SBS) pri zaposlenih v bolnišnici.
Metode: Uporabljena je bila deskriptivna raziskovalna metoda. Pregled strokovne in znanstvene literature je bil izveden v podatkovnih bazah COBIB.SI, Google Učenjak, Digitalna knjižnica Dlib.si, CIHAHL, Cochrane Library in PubMed. Napredno iskanje je potekalo s pomočjo Boolovih logičnih operaterjev AND / IN, v kombinaciji ključnih besed: »sindrom bolnih stavb«, »bolnišnice«, »zdravstveni delavci«, »okoljski dejavniki«, »sick building syndrome«, »hospitals«, »health care workers«, »environmental factors«. Iz iskalnega nabora 238 zadetkov je bilo v končno analizo vključenih 11 člankov. Za prikaz pregleda podatkovnih baz in odločanja o uporabnosti pregledanih virov je bila uporabljena metodologija PRISMA. Izvedena je bila vsebinska integrativna analiza spoznanj raziskav.
Rezultati: Ugotovitve raziskave so bile združene v štiri vsebinske kategorije: (1) pogostost simptomov SBS; (2) raznolikost simptomov SBS; (3) okoljski dejavniki v povezavi s pogostostjo simptomov SBS; (4) okoljski dejavniki v povezavi z ostalimi dejavniki za nastanek SBS.
Diskusija in zaključek: Raziskave kažejo, da je pogostost simptomov SBS med zaposlenimi v bolnišničnem okolju visoka. Okoljski dejavniki so povezani z nastankom simptomov SBS med zaposlenimi v bolnišničnem okolju. V Sloveniji potrebujemo raziskavo, ki bi proučila učinek okoljskih dejavnikov na pogostost simptomov SBS pri zaposlenih v bolnišničnem okolju.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Sedina Kalender Smajlović, Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija

mag. zdr. neg., dipl. m. s., pred.

Mateja Dovjak, Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za gradbeništvo in geodezijo, Jamova 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija

doc. dr., dipl. san. inž

 

Andreja Kukec, Univerza v Ljubljani, Medicinska fakulteta, Vrazov trg 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija

doc. dr., dipl. san. inž.

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Objavljeno
2019-09-15
Kako citirati
Kalender Smajlović, S., Dovjak, M. in Kukec, A. (2019) Pogostnost sindroma bolnih stavb v bolnišnicah v povezavi z okoljskimi dejavniki, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 53(3), str. 221–231. doi: 10.14528/snr.2019.53.1.850.
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