Razumevanje in umeščanje matrike štirih ravni kompetenc in kategorij izvajalcev v zagotavljanje zdravstvene nege

opisna raziskava

  • Brigita Skela-Savič Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1028-5383
  • Sanela Pivač Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija
  • Vesna Čuk Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija
  • Branko Gabrovec Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje, Trubarjeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3885-1308
Ključne besede: izobraževanje, evropska direktiva, zdravstveni asistent, diplomirana medicinska sestra, specializacija, znanstvena disciplina

Povzetek

Uvod: Trenutna kompleksnost pacientovih potreb zahteva revizijo in razširitev kompetenc poklicev v zdravstveni negi, ki bo zagotovila optimalne zdravstvene izide. Cilj raziskave je bil preveriti razumevanje štirih ravni kompetenc pri zagotavljanju zdravstvene nege in s tem povezanih štirih kategorij izvajalcev zdravstvene nege.
Metode: Uporabljena je bila opisna kvantitativna metoda. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 365 oseb s področja izobraževanja in kliničnega dela v zdravstveni negi. Uporabljen je bil strukturirani vprašalnik, ki je temeljil na štirih ravneh kompetenc in kategorij izvajalcev v zdravstveni negi.
Rezultati: Učitelji srednjih šol se manj strinjajo s poimenovanjem poklica zdravstveni asistent (p < 0,001) ter splošnimi (p < 0,001) in specifičnimi kompetencami za ta poklic (p < 0,001). Nasprotno menedžment (p < 0,001) in tisti, ki so se izobraževali iz raziskovanja (p = 0,030) in na dokazih podprtega dela (p = 0,004), kompetence za zdravstvenega asistenta značilno bolj podpirajo.
Diskusija in zaključek: Raziskava kaže na problem razumevanja in ustreznega umeščanja kompetenc zdravstvenega asistenta. Za implementacijo matrike kompetenc je potrebno Evropsko direktivo za regulirane poklice dopolniti z minimalnimi zahtevami za specialistična znanja in napredne oblike dela v zdravstveni negi ter zapisati kompetence in minimalne pogoje šolanja za zdravstvenega asistenta.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Brigita Skela-Savič, Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija

izr. prof. dr., viš. med. ses., univ. dipl. org., znan. svet.

Sanela Pivač, Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija

viš. pred., dipl. m. s., spec. managementa, mag. zdr. neg.

Vesna Čuk, Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija

viš. pred. dr., viš. med. ses., prof. zdr. vzg.

Branko Gabrovec, Nacionalni inštitut za javno zdravje, Trubarjeva 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenija

doc. dr., mag., ing. log.

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Objavljeno
2019-03-15
Kako citirati
Skela-Savič, B., Pivač, S., Čuk, V. in Gabrovec, B. (2019) Razumevanje in umeščanje matrike štirih ravni kompetenc in kategorij izvajalcev v zagotavljanje zdravstvene nege, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 53(1), str. 8-17. doi: 10.14528/snr.2018.52.3.267.
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