Etični konflikti med medicinskimi sestrami v intenzivni enoti

  • Katja Naraločnik Univerzitetni klinični center Ljubljana, Urgentni kirurški blok, Zaloška cesta 7, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija
  • Barbara Donik Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
  • Sergej Kmetec Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5601-0940
  • Zvonka Fekonja Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4224-8843
Ključne besede: delovne obremenitve, moralni distres, nezadovoljstvo, izgorelost, moralna stiska

Povzetek

Uvod: Etični konflikt predstavlja resen poklicni problem. Medicinske sestre so na svojem delovnem mestu čedalje bolj obremenjene, še posebej v intenzivnih enotah, kjer je delo z življenjsko ogroženimi pacienti posebej težavno in je pojavnost etičnih konfliktov toliko večja. Namen je bil ugotoviti stopnjo izpostavljenosti etičnim konfliktom med medicinskimi sestrami v intenzivni enoti.
Metode: Izvedena je bila kvantitativna presečna opazovalna raziskava. Vanjo je bilo vključenih 97 medicinskih sester, zaposlenih v intenzivnih enotah ene bolnišnice. Podatki so bili zbrani s pomočjo vprašalnika in statistično obdelani z uporabo univariatne statistike.
Rezultati: Raziskava je pokazala, da so medicinske sestre v intenzivnih enotah zmerno izpostavljene etičnim konfliktom (x = 138,85, s = 89,08). Najpogosteje doživljajo etični konflikt ob situacijah, ko primanjkuje virov,ki zdravstvenemu timu omogočajo upoštevanje etičnih smernic za delovanje (x = 14,11, s = 9,13). Najmanj so izpostavljene etičnim konfliktom, ko je treba v okviru kliničnega preizkušanja dajati zdravila in pri tem ne prejmejo vseh potrebnih informacij, ki so po njihovem mnenju potrebne za izvajanje te naloge (x = 2,25, s = 3,70).
Diskusija in zaključek: Pri pojavnosti stopnje etičnega konflikta pri medicinskih sestrah je bilo ugotovljeno, da se srečujejo s konflikti, ki so rahlo problematični in precej problematični. Največji etični konflikt se pojavi pri pomanjkanju časa za upoštevanje etičnih smernic za delovanje, kar kaže, da je medicinskih sester premalo za kakovostno oskrbo pacientov.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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Objavljeno
2020-12-14
Kako citirati
Naraločnik, K., Donik, B., Kmetec, S. in Fekonja, Z. (2020) Etični konflikti med medicinskimi sestrami v intenzivni enoti, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 54(4), str. 289-296. doi: 10.14528/snr.2020.54.4.3021.
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