Vpliv terapije z lutko na življenje oseb, obolelih za demenco

sistematični pregled

  • Nataša Mlinar Reljić Univerza v Mariboru Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
  • Zvonka Fekonja Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4224-8843
  • Jasna Mulej Zdravilišče Rogaška – Zdravstvo d.o.o., Zdraviliški trg 9, Rogaška Slatina, 3250 Rogaška Slatina, Slovenija
  • Sergej Kmetec Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5601-0940
  • Majda Pajnkihar Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6298-045X
Ključne besede: lutka, starejše osebe, zdravstvena nega, medicinske sestre

Povzetek

Uvod: Terapija z lutkami sodi med nefarmakološke pristope v obravnavi oseb, obolelih za demenco, ki ugodno vplivajo na zmanjšanje duhovne in čustvene stiske, vznemirjenosti in izboljšajo komunikacijo. Namen sistematičnega pregleda literature je bil predstaviti psihološke, socialne in duhovne vplive terapije z lutko na osebe, obolele za demenco.
Metode: Uporabljen je bil sistematični pregled znanstvene literature. Pregledane so bile podatkovne zbirke CINAHL, Science Direct in PubMed. Iskanje je potekalo s ključnimi besedami v angleščini: »doll therapy«, »doll«, »dementia«, »spiritual«, »psychological«, »social«, »aspect« in »nursing«. Vključeni so bili izvirni znanstveni članki, objavljeni po letu 2001. Izključeni so bili znanstveni članki z neustrezno vsebino, populacijo, pregledni članki, članki v jezikih, ki ni angleški. Izmed 135 zadetkov je bilo v končno analizo vključenih 10 člankov. Podatke smo analizirali z metodo vsebinske analize.
Rezultati: Oblikovane so bile tri vsebinske kategorije: (1) povezanost, (2) družabni stiki, (3) dobro počutje in ugodje. Rezultati kažejo na pomembnost povezanosti in družabnih stikov ter izpostavljajo potrebo po dobrem počutju. Gre za pomembne psihosocialne in duhovne vidike oseb, obolelih za demenco.
Diskusija in zaključek: Ugotovitve kažejo, da je uporaba terapije z lutko v obravnavi oseb, obolelih za demenco, učinkovit in uporaben pristop, ki ugodno vpliva na njihovo dobro počutje. Pristop spodbuja interakcijo oseb, obolelih za demenco, z osebjem in drugimi. Zato je z vidika zagotavljanja psihosocialnih in duhovnih potreb oseb, obolelih za demenco, primeren in priporočljiv.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Nataša Mlinar Reljić, Univerza v Mariboru Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija

Pred., mag. zdr.–soc. manag.

Zvonka Fekonja, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija

asist., dipl. m. s., mag. zdr. nege

Jasna Mulej, Zdravilišče Rogaška – Zdravstvo d.o.o., Zdraviliški trg 9, Rogaška Slatina, 3250 Rogaška Slatina, Slovenija

dipl. m. s.

Sergej Kmetec, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija

asist., dipl. zn., mag. zdr. nege

Majda Pajnkihar, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija

prof. Dr (Združeno kraljestvo Velike Britanije in Severne Irske), viš. med. ses., univ. dipl. org., FAAN

Literatura

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Objavljeno
2019-09-15
Kako citirati
Mlinar Reljić, N., Fekonja, Z., Mulej, J., Kmetec, S. in Pajnkihar, M. (2019) „Vpliv terapije z lutko na življenje oseb, obolelih za demenc“o, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 53(3), str. 211–220. doi: 10.14528/snr.2019.53.3.2974.
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