Doživljanje umiranja z vidika medicinskih sester

pregled literature

Avtorji

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.4.3090

Ključne besede:

zdravstvena nega, intenzivna terapija, paliativna oskrba, izkušnje

Povzetek

Uvod: V enotah intenzivne terapije se medicinske sestrednevno soočajo z umiranjem. To jim predstavlja velike obremenitve, ki vodijo do stiske. Namen pregleda literature je ugotoviti, kaj doživljajo medicinske sestre ob umirajočih pacientih v enotah intenzivne terapije in kako se soočajo z umiranjem.
Metode: Uporabljena je metoda pregleda literature. Iskanje je bilo izvedeno v bazah podatkov: PubMed, ScienceDirect, SAGE, Web of Science in CINAHL na osnovi vključitvenih in izključitvenih kriterijev. Proces iskanja literature je prikazan z diagramom PRISMA. Za analizo in sintezo podatkov je bila uporabljena metoda tematske analize.
Rezultati: Od 1.886 zadetkov smo v končno analizo vključili 10 člankov. Na podlagi tematske analize smo oblikovali dve glavni temi: (1) doživljanje medicinskih sester ob hudo bolnih in umirajočih pacientih; (2) profesionalni odnos medicinskih sester.
Diskusija in zaključek: Izvajanje zdravstvene nege v enotah intenzivne terapije je za medicinske sestre zelo stresno. Pri zdravstveni negi kritično bolnih pacientov se najpogosteje srečujejo s stalnimi fizičnimi obremenitvami, čustvenimi pretresi, pomanjkanjem čustvene podpore, žalostjo, izgorevanjem, depresijo, težavami v komunikaciji s pacientovimi sorodniki ter pomanjkljivim sodelovanjem in zagotavljanjem podpore v timu. Izpostavljene so številnim dejavnikom, ki prispevajo k doživljanju lastne stiske. Potrebni so ukrepi za zaščito, učinkovitejšo pomoč in podporo medicinskim sestram, ki se dnevno soočajo z umiranjem in zagotavljanjem podpore pacientovi družini oziroma svojcem. 

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Literatura

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Kmetec, S., Fekonja, Z., Škrbić, S., & Mlinar Reljić, N. (2021). Doživljanje umiranja z vidika medicinskih sester: pregled literature. Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 55(4), 264–273. https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.4.3090 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.4.3090

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Objavljeno

2021-12-18

Kako citirati

Kmetec, S., Fekonja, Z., Škrbić, S., & Mlinar Reljić, N. (2021). Doživljanje umiranja z vidika medicinskih sester: pregled literature. Obzornik Zdravstvene Nege, 55(4), 264–273. https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.4.3090

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