Uporaba sodobnih biomedicinskih pripomočkov za vzpostavljanje periferne venske poti v zdravstveni oskrbi pacienta: pregled literature

  • Zvonka Fekonja Univerza v Mariboru Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor
  • Majda Pajnkihar Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor; Univerza v Mariboru, Medicinska fakulteta, Taborska ulica 8, 2000 Maribor
Ključne besede: biomedicinski pripomočki, intravenska kanila, zdravstvena nega, otežen venski dostop

Povzetek

Uvod: Biomedicinski pripomočki za vstavljanje intravenske kanile so danes pomemben del opreme, ki naj bi jo medicinske sestre uporabljale pri svojem delu. Namen članka je sistematičen pregled obstoječih raziskav o razpoložljivih biomedicinskih pripomočkih za iskanje perifernih ven, pogostnost in koristnost njihove uporabe v klinični praksi. Metode: Za pregled literature in analizo virov so bile uporabljene zbirke podatkov CINAHL, MEDLINE in ScienceDirect. Iskanje je bilo izvedeno z naslednjimi angleškimi ključnimi besedami in njihovimi sopomenkami, povezanimi z Boolovima operatorjema AND oz. OR: »devices«, »visualization«, »technology«, »cannulation«, »vein«, »nursing care«. V analizo so bile vključene ekperimentalne in neeksperimentalne klinične raziskave, objavljene od leta 2000 do avgusta 2016 v angleškem jeziku. Iz iskalnega nabora 1020 zadetkov je bilo v končno analizo vključenih 17 raziskav. Rezultati: Rezultati so pokazali, da uspešnost prvega poskusa vstavljanja intravenske kanile z biomedicinskimi pripomočki pri več kot polovici raziskav ni značilno višja od konvencionalne metode. Uspešnost prvega poskusa vstavljanja je odvisna predvsem od izkušenosti in spretnosti medicinske sestre. Biomedicinski pripomočki so dragocena pomoč neizkušenim medicinskim sestram, ki venepunkcije ne izvajajo vsakodnevno, začetnicam in študentom zdravstvene nege. Diskusija in zaključek: Na podlagi raziskave ne moremo z gotovostjo trditi, da biomedicinski pripomočki bistveno pripomorejo k lažji vzpostavitvi perifernega venskega kanala. Za potrjevanje prednosti takšnega pristopa bodo potrebna nadaljnja raziskovanja, vendar pa so le-ta omejena z majhno dostopnostjo biomedicinskih pripomočkov.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Zvonka Fekonja, Univerza v Mariboru Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor
Asist. Zvonka Fekonja, mag. zdr. nege
Majda Pajnkihar, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor; Univerza v Mariboru, Medicinska fakulteta, Taborska ulica 8, 2000 Maribor
Izr. prof. Dr (Združeno kraljestvo Velike Britanije in Severne Irske) Majda Pajnkihar, viš. med. ses., univ. dipl. org;

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Objavljeno
2017-03-15
Kako citirati
Fekonja, Z. in Pajnkihar, M. (2017) Uporaba sodobnih biomedicinskih pripomočkov za vzpostavljanje periferne venske poti v zdravstveni oskrbi pacienta: pregled literature, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 51(1), str. 52-74. doi: 10.14528/snr.2017.51.1.141.
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