Ukrepi za obravnavo otroka z okužbo zgornjih dihalnih poti

pregled literature

Avtorji

  • Leona Cilar Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6842-7751
  • Barbara Kegl Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
  • Majda Pajnkihar Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
  • Jadranka Stričević Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
  • Nataša Marčun Varda Univerzitetni klinični center Maribor, Ljubljanska ulica 5, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0634-3576
  • Petra Klanjšek Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3631-6691

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.3.3072

Ključne besede:

pediatrična zdravstvena nega, starši, zdravstvena vzgoja, zdravstveni tim, okužbe

Povzetek

Uvod: Okužbe zgornjih dihalnih poti so pri otrocih pogoste ter so tudi pogost razlog za opustitve šolanja, obisk zdravnika in nepotrebne stroške zdravstva. Namen raziskave je pregledati, analizirati in sintetizirati obstoječo literaturo s področja ukrepov pri zdravstveni obravnavi otrok z okužbo zgornjih dihalnih poti.
Metode: Uporabili smo opisno metodo dela. Iskanje literature je potekalo v obdobju od decembra 2019 do januarja 2020 v mednarodnih podatkovnih bazah Medline in CINAHL. Potek iskanja in analize literature je prikazan s pomočjo diagrama PRISMA. Zadetke smo analizirali glede na karakteristike raziskav in razvrstili glede na raven dokaza. Rezultate smo sintetizirali s pomočjo vsebinske analize.
Rezultati: Izmed 1.845 identificiranih zadetkov smo v končno analizo vključili 18 zadetkov. Identificirali smo 10 kategorij: znanje, prepoznavanje okužbe zgornjih dihalnih poti, predpisovanje in uporaba antibiotikov, uporaba nepredpisanih zdravil v domačem okolju, uporaba predpisanih zdravil v domačem okolju, uporaba predpisanih zdravil v bolnišnici, socialna izolacija, nedokazan uspeh zdravila, dejavnosti zdravstvenih delavcev za preprečevanje ali zdravljenje okužb zgornjih dihalnih poti, obravnava, osredotočena na otroka in starše. Identificirali smo tri kategorije: zdravstvena vzgoja,  zdravljenje in ukrepi za izboljšanje zdravstvene obravnave, zdravstvena nega in oskrba.
Diskusija in zaključek: Za kakovostno zdravstveno obravnavo otrok z okužbami zgornjih dihalnih poti je potreben pristop, ki je usmerjen k otroku in družini, je celosten ter varen. Ukrepi pri interdisciplinarni zdravstveni obravnavi otrok morajo temeljiti na znanstvenih dokazih. Poleg ustreznega zdravljenja in ukrepov je pomembno, da izvajamo tudi izobraževanje otrok in staršev. 

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Literatura

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2021-09-23

Kako citirati

Cilar, L., Kegl, B., Pajnkihar, M., Stričević, J., Marčun Varda, N., & Klanjšek, P. (2021). Ukrepi za obravnavo otroka z okužbo zgornjih dihalnih poti: pregled literature. Obzornik Zdravstvene Nege, 55(3), 195–206. https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.3.3072

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