Kakovost življenja odraslih, odvisnih od alkohola

raziskava mešanih metod

  • Klavdija Čuček Trifkovič Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
  • Blanka Kores Plesničar Univerzitetna psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Studenec 48, 1260 Ljubljana Polje, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2127-0766
  • Alenka Kobolt Univerza v Ljubljani, Pedagoška fakulteta, Kardeljeva ploščad 16, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Margaret Denny Waterford Institute of Technology, Slovenia, Faculty of Humanities, Waterford, Ireland https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0602-1553
  • Suzanne Denieffe Waterford Institute of Technology, Slovenia, Faculty of Humanities, Waterford, Ireland https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0238-4645
  • Leona Cilar Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6842-7751
Ključne besede: odvisnost od alkohola, socialna podpora, fokusne skupine, zadovoljstvo

Povzetek

Uvod: Odvisnost od alkohola je najbolj razširjena motnja odvisnosti, ki se razvija postopoma kot posledica medsebojno povezanih individualnih in družbenih dejavnikov. Vpliva na kakovost življenja prizadetih posameznikov. Namen raziskave je bil preučiti kakovost življenja oseb, odvisnih od alkohola, na različnih stopnjah zdravljenja v primerjavi s posamezniki brez odvisnosti od alkohola.
Metode: Izvedena je bila študija mešanih metod. Najprej je bila opravljena presečna raziskava (n = 502) s pomočjo validiranega vprašalnika o zadovoljstvu z življenjem (Q-LES-Q). Osnovane so bile tudi fokusne skupine za subjektivno oceno kakovosti življenja. Podatki so bili analizirani z opisno in inferenčno statistiko (Mann Whitney U Test) s pomočjo programa SPSS, verzija 20.
Rezultati: Udeleženci, ki niso odvisni od alkohola, so bistveno bolj zadovoljni z vsako izmed komponent kakovosti življenja kot tisti, ki so odvisni od alkohola. Razlike so se pokazale v počutju in v prostočasnih dejavnostih, pa tudi na področju fizičnega zdravja, zadovoljstva pri delu in družbenih odnosov.
Diskusija in zaključek: Udeleženci, odvisni od alkohola, poročajo o slabšem zadovoljstvu z življenjem kot udeleženci, ki niso odvisno od alkohola. Soočajo se namreč s številnimi težavami, povezanimi z odvisnostjo. Obstaja potreba po nadaljnjem raziskovanju odvisnosti od alkohola v povezavi s kakovostjo življenja.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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Objavljeno
2020-09-21
Kako citirati
Čuček Trifkovič, K., Kores Plesničar, B., Kobolt, A., Denny, M., Denieffe, S. in Cilar, L. (2020) „Kakovost življenja odraslih, odvisnih od alkohol“a, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 54(3), str. 204-213. doi: 10.14528/snr.2020.54.3.2985.
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