Uporabnost maščobnih kislin omega-3 pri obravnavi ran na koži

  • Dominika Vrbnjak Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor
  • Majda Pajnkihar Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor
  • Tomaž Langerholc Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za kmetijstvo in biosistemske vede, Pivola 10, 2311 Hoče
Ključne besede: nenasičene maščobne kisline, celjenje, akutna rana, kronična rana

Povzetek

Uvod: Namen članka je prikazati analizo podatkov o učinkih maščobnih kislin omega-3 na celjenje ran ter njihovo uporabnost pri obravnavi ran na koži. Metode: Za pregled literature ter analizo dobljenih virov so bile uporabljene podatkovne baze: PubMed, CINAHL, Medline in ScienceDirect. Iskanje je bilo izvedeno s ključnimi besedami v angleščini: omega-3, fish oil, polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), wound, wound healing, in Boolovim operatorjem AND. V analizo so bile vključene eksperimentalne ali randomizirane klinične raziskave, objavljene v angleškem jeziku in izdane od 1993 do januarja 2014, ki so vključevale preprečevanje ali zdravljenje akutnih ali kroničnih ran na koži z uporabo maščobnih kislin omega-3. Izključitveni kriterij je bil obravnava uporabe maščobnih kislin omega-3 pri opeklinah. Iz iskalnega nabora 1151 zadetkov je bilo v podrobno analizo vključenih 15 raziskav. Rezultati: Rezultati analize literature so pokazali, da so maščobne kisline omega-3 večinoma neučinkovite pri obravnavi travmatskih in kirurških ran na koži, potencialno učinkovite pri obravnavi diabetičnih ran in učinkovite pri obravnavi razjed zaradi pritiska. Diskusija in zaključek: Protivnetni učinek maščobnih kislin omega-3 upočasnjuje in moti celjenje akutnih ran na koži, vendar lahko z njimi obvladujemo lokalne vnetne odzive in pospešujemo reepitelizacijo pri kroničnih ranah. Za oblikovanje natančnih smernic uporabe bodo potrebna nadaljnja raziskovanja.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Dominika Vrbnjak, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor
asist. Dominika Vrbnjak, mag. zdr. nege
Majda Pajnkihar, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za zdravstvene vede, Žitna ulica 15, 2000 Maribor
izr. prof. Dr (Združeno kraljestvo Velike Britanije in Severne Irske) Majda Pajnkihar, viš. med. ses., univ. dipl. org.
Tomaž Langerholc, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za kmetijstvo in biosistemske vede, Pivola 10, 2311 Hoče
doc. dr. Tomaž Langerholc, univ. dipl. inž. kem.

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Objavljeno
2015-03-20
Kako citirati
Vrbnjak, D., Pajnkihar, M. in Langerholc, T. (2015) Uporabnost maščobnih kislin omega-3 pri obravnavi ran na koži, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 49(1). doi: 10.14528/snr.2015.49.1.31.
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