Dojemanje dostojanstva pacientov z vidika zdravstvenih delavcev:

eksplorativna raziskava

  • Mateja Bahun Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija
  • Brigita Skela-Savič Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1028-5383
Ključne besede: bolnišnica, zasebnost, hospitalizacija, odrasli pacienti, zdravstvo

Povzetek

Uvod: Človeško dostojanstvo je neodtujljiva pravica vsakega posameznika, njegovo ohranjanje pa temeljna naloga zdravstvenih delavcev. Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti, v kolikšni meri se med hospitalizacijo pacientom zagotavlja dostojanstvo ter kako to dojemajo zaposleni v zdravstvu.
Metode: Raziskava temelji na eksplorativni kvantitativni raziskovalni metodi. Podatki so bili pridobljeni s strukturiranim vprašalnikom. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 267 priložnostno izbranih zdravstvenih delavcev iz petih slovenskih splošnih bolnišnic. Pridobljeni podatki so bili obdelani z bivariatno in multivariatno analizo.
Rezultati: Splošno mnenje anketirancev o sodelavcih in njihovem zagotavljanju zasebnosti je dobro (x = 3,79, s = 0,70). Dojemanje dostojanstva se lahko pojasni v 52,18 % z osebno odgovornostjo zaposlenih (23,82 %), informiranostjo pacientov (16,62 %) in pacientovim sodelovanjem pri odločitvah (11,74 %). Poklicne skupine imajo različno stališče do informiranosti pacientov (F = 5,44, p = 0,001). Med vključenimi bolnišnicami so razlike v izvajanju aktivnosti: zapiranje vrat bolniške sobe (F = 9,07, p < 0,001), uporaba paravana ali zavese (F = 25,65, p < 0,001), nameščanje opozorila na vrata bolniške sobe (F = 28,16, p < 0,001) ter obveščanje pacientov o tem, kaj se bo dogajalo med intervencijami (F = 5,91, p = 0,001), aktivnosti pogosteje izvajajo zaposleni v zdravstveni negi s srednješolsko izobrazbo.
Diskusija in zaključek: Med hospitalizacijo se dostojanstvo pacientom ne zagotavlja popolnoma, zato bodo rezultati lahko uporabni za načrtovanje izboljšanja strokovnega znanja, razumevanja področja dostojanstva ter infrastrukturnih in materialnih pogojev.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Biografije avtorja

Mateja Bahun, Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija

viš. pred., prof. zdr. vzg., mag. zdr. neg.

Brigita Skela-Savič, Fakulteta za zdravstvo Angele Boškin, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenija

izr. prof. dr., viš. med. ses., univ. dipl. org., znan. svet.

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Objavljeno
2018-06-21
Kako citirati
Bahun, M. in Skela-Savič, B. (2018) Dojemanje dostojanstva pacientov z vidika zdravstvenih delavcev:, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 52(2), str. 90-99. doi: 10.14528/snr.2018.52.2.204.
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