Povezava med neprespanostjo in delazmožnostjo zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi

  • Melita Peršolja Univerza na Primorskem, Fakulteta za vede o zdravju, Dislocirana enota Nova Gorica, Delpinova 18a, 5000 Nova Gorica, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7861-369X
  • Anamarija Mišmaš
  • Mihaela Jurdana Univerza na Primorskem, Fakulteta za vede o zdravju, Polje 42, 6310, Izola, Slovenija https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4514-7001
Ključne besede: neprespanost, izmensko delo, kakovost življenja, medicinske sestre

Povzetek

Uvod: Spanje je aktivni proces, ki pomembno vpliva na kakovost delovnega življenja. V ta namen je bila izvedena raziskava o odnosu med neprespanostjo in delazmožnostjo zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi.
Metode: V kvantitativni opisni raziskavi so bili v letih 2014 in 2015 obravnavani zaposleni iz ene splošne bolnišnice in dveh domov upokojencev v Sloveniji. Z enostavnim slučajnostnim izborom je bilo v stratificiran vzorec vključenih 21,26 % (n = 81) v zdravstveni negi zaposlenih žensk iz teh treh zavodov. Podatki, pridobljeni z anketo (Cronbach α = 0,624), so bili analizirani z deskriptivno statistiko in s korelacijsko analizo.
Rezultati: Večina anketirank opravlja od tri do sedem nočnih izmen mesečno (x = 3,76, s = 2,51). Vse anketiranke imajo težave z nespečnostjo (n = 81, 100 %), večina jih s težavo ostaja budnih na delovnem mestu (n = 52, 64,2 %). Težave z budnostjo na delovnem mestu se povezujejo s slabšim splošnim počutjem (r = 0,236, p = 0,034) in so pogostejše ob večjem številu nočnih izmen v mesecu (r = −0,322, p = 0,003). Anketiranke so mnenja, da neprespanost povečuje verjetnost napak pri delu (n = 60, 74,1 %), upočasnjuje hitrost odzivanja na nepričakovane urgentne situacije na delovnem mestu (n = 58, 71,6 %) ter slabo vpliva na njihovo komunikacijo s pacienti (n = 48, 59,2 %).
Diskusija in zaključek: Podobno kot druge tuje raziskave o zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi tudi ta potrjuje, da se neprespanost zaradi nočnega dela povezuje s slabšim počutjem, utrujenostjo in zmanjšano delazmožnostjo.

Biografije avtorja

Melita Peršolja, Univerza na Primorskem, Fakulteta za vede o zdravju, Dislocirana enota Nova Gorica, Delpinova 18a, 5000 Nova Gorica, Slovenija

doc. dr., viš. med. ses., prof. zdr. vzg.

Anamarija Mišmaš

dipl. m. s.

Mihaela Jurdana, Univerza na Primorskem, Fakulteta za vede o zdravju, Polje 42, 6310, Izola, Slovenija

izr. prof. dr., univ. dipl. biol.

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Objavljeno
2018-03-14
Kako citirati
Peršolja, M., Mišmaš, A. in Jurdana, M. (2018) Povezava med neprespanostjo in delazmožnostjo zaposlenih v zdravstveni negi, Obzornik zdravstvene nege, 52(1), str. 8-17. doi: https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2018.52.1.186.
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