Tehnični dejavniki aplikacije intramuskularne injekcije

sistematični pregled literature

Avtorji

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.4.3098

Ključne besede:

odrasli, intervencija, cepljenje, mišica, parenteralna aplikacija

Povzetek

Uvod: Aplikacija intramuskularne injekcije predstavlja najpogosteje uporabljen način aplikacije injekcij. Namen raziskave je bil preučiti najnovejše ugotovitve s področja priprave vbodnega mesta in aplikacije intramuskularne injekcije.
Metode: Izveden je bil sistematični pregled znanstvene in strokovne literature v mednarodnih podatkovnih bazah CINAHL, PubMed, The Cochrane Library ter ScienceDirect. Uporabili smo naslednje ključne besede: intramuscular injection, instramuscular vaccination, injection site, skin disinfection, injection technique. Pri iskanju smo uporabili tudi Boolove operatorje AND (IN) in OR (ALI). Iskanje literature je potekalo marca in aprila 2021. Za oceno kakovosti posameznih raziskav smo uporabili orodje Critical Appraisal Skills Programme.
Rezultati: Izmed 4.208 identificiranih zadetkov je bilo v končno analizo vključenih 13 člankov. Ugotovitve smo združili v štiri vsebinske kategorije: (1) izbira vbodnega mesta, (2) tehnike intramuskularne injekcije, (3) razkuževanje vbodnega mesta, (4) aspiracija.
Diskusija in zaključek: Med zaključki raziskav ni enotnega mnenja glede varne in strokovne aplikacije intramuskularne injekcije. Kot kažejo raziskave, je najprimernejše mesto aplikacije ventroglutealno področje. Razkuževanje vbodnega mesta pred aplikacijo v izvenbolnišničnem okolju ni potrebno, medtem ko je aspiracija priporočljiva zgolj na dorzoglutelnem mestu. Priporoča se aplikacija s tehniko trakcija kože – pritisk – hitro sproščanje mišic, z izbiro igle ob upoštevanju debeline podkožnega maščevja, mesta za aplikacijo in gostote zdravila. Potrebna bi bila izvedba dodatnih raziskav, s katerimi bi lahko oblikovali priporočila za optimalno tehniko intramuskularne injekcije. 

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Literatura

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Objavljeno

2021-12-18

Kako citirati

Vehar, A. ., Vehar, K., Lekše, R., & Peršolja, M. (2021). Tehnični dejavniki aplikacije intramuskularne injekcije: sistematični pregled literature. Obzornik Zdravstvene Nege, 55(4), 253–263. https://doi.org/10.14528/snr.2021.55.4.3098

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